Urbanization and Growth

Urbanization and Growth
  • Author : Michael Spence,Patricia Clarke Annez,Robert M. Buckley
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Pages : 288
  • Relase : 2008-11-26
  • ISBN : 0821375741

Urbanization and Growth Book Review:

Why is productivity higher in cities? Does urbanization cause growth or does growth cause urbanization? Do countries achieve rapid growth or high incomes without urbanization? How can policy makers reap the benefits of urbanization without paying too high a cost? Does supporting urbanization imply neglecting rural areas? Why do so few governments welcome urbanization? What should governments do to improve housing conditions in cities as they urbanize? Are innovations in housing finance a blessing or a curse for developing countries? How will governments finance the trillions of dollars of infrastructure spending needed for cities in developing countries? First in a series of thematic volumes, this book was prepared for the Commission on Growth and Development to evaluate the state of knowledge of the relationship between urbanization and economic growth. It does not pretend to provide all the answers, but it does identify insights and policy levers to help countries make urbanization work as part of a national growth strategy. It examines a variety of topics: the relevance and policy implications of recent advances in urban economics for developing countries, the role of economic geography in global economic trends and trade patterns, the impacts of urbanization on spatial inequality within countries, and alternative approaches to financing the substantial infrastructure investments required in developing-country cities. Written by prominent academics in their fields, Urbanization and Growth seeks to create a better understanding of the role of urbanization in growth and to inform policy makers tackling the formidable challenges it poses.

Global Urbanization

Global Urbanization
  • Author : Eugenie L. Birch,Susan M. Wachter
  • Publisher : University of Pennsylvania Press
  • Pages : 384
  • Relase : 2011-02-25
  • ISBN : 9780812204476

Global Urbanization Book Review:

For the first time in history, the majority of the world's population lives in urban areas. Much of this urbanization has been fueled by the rapidly growing cities of the developing world, exemplified most dramatically by booming megacities such as Lagos, Karachi, and Mumbai. In the coming years, as both the number and scale of cities continue to increase, the most important matters of social policy and economic development will necessarily be urban issues. Urbanization, across the world but especially in Asia and Africa, is perhaps the critical issue of the twenty-first century. Global Urbanization surveys essential dimensions of this growth and begins to formulate a global urban agenda for the next half century. Drawing from many disciplines, the contributors tackle issues ranging from how cities can keep up with fast-growing housing needs to the possibilities for public-private partnerships in urban governance. Several essays address the role that cutting-edge technologies such as GIS software, remote sensing, and predictive growth models can play in tracking and forecasting urban growth. Reflecting the central importance of the Global South to twenty-first-century urbanism, the volume includes case studies and examples from China, India, Uganda, Kenya, and Brazil. While the challenges posed by large-scale urbanization are immense, the future of human development requires that we find ways to promote socially inclusive growth, environmental sustainability, and resilient infrastructure. The timely and relevant scholarship assembled in Global Urbanization will be of great interest to scholars and policymakers in demography, geography, urban studies, and international development.

Urbanization, Industrialization, and National Development

Urbanization, Industrialization, and National Development
  • Author : P. W. K. Yankson
  • Publisher :
  • Pages : 46
  • Relase : 2006
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105123189420

Urbanization, Industrialization, and National Development Book Review:

The Urbanization of People

The Urbanization of People
  • Author : Eli Friedman
  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Pages :
  • Relase : 2022-06-07
  • ISBN : 9780231555838

The Urbanization of People Book Review:

Amid a vast influx of rural migrants into urban areas, China has allowed cities wide latitude in providing education and other social services. While millions of people have been welcomed into the megacities as a source of cheap labor, local governments have used various tools to limit their access to full citizenship. The Urbanization of People reveals how cities in China have granted public goods to the privileged while condemning poor and working-class migrants to insecurity, constant mobility, and degraded educational opportunities. Using the school as a lens on urban life, Eli Friedman investigates how the state manages flows of people into the city. He demonstrates that urban governments are providing quality public education to those who need it least: school admissions for nonlocals heavily favor families with high levels of economic and cultural capital. Those deemed not useful are left to enroll their children in precarious resource-starved private schools that sometimes are subjected to forced demolition. Over time, these populations are shunted away to smaller locales with inferior public services. Based on extensive ethnographic research and hundreds of in-depth interviews, this interdisciplinary book details the policy framework that produces unequal outcomes as well as providing a fine-grained account of the life experiences of people drawn into the cities as workers but excluded as full citizens.

Urbanization Under Socialism

Urbanization Under Socialism
  • Author : Karel Joseph Kansky
  • Publisher : New York : Praeger
  • Pages : 313
  • Relase : 1976
  • ISBN : UOM:39015008239025

Urbanization Under Socialism Book Review:

Modernization, Urbanization, and the Urban Crisis

Modernization, Urbanization, and the Urban Crisis
  • Author : Gino Germani
  • Publisher : Transaction Publishers
  • Pages : 272
  • Relase : 1973-01-01
  • ISBN : 1412828929

Modernization, Urbanization, and the Urban Crisis Book Review:

Third World Urbanization

Third World Urbanization
  • Author : J. Abu-Lughod,R. Jr Hay
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Pages : 408
  • Relase : 2013-07-04
  • ISBN : 9781135686406

Third World Urbanization Book Review:

This book was first published in 1977.

Migration, Urbanization, and Development

Migration, Urbanization, and Development
  • Author : Symposium on Internal Migration and Urbanization in Developing countri
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Pages : 531
  • Relase : 1998
  • ISBN : 0792380320

Migration, Urbanization, and Development Book Review:

Internal migration and urbanization are key dimensions of the process of socioeconomic development. The unprecedented movement of peoples within the borders of their own countries is one of the greatest transformations witnessed in the 20th century. Policy analysts, especially those from developing countries where internal migration can be felt at first hand, view migration as one of the most important factors affecting the course of development. It is within this context that UNFPA convened the Symposium on Internal Migration and Urbanization in Developing Countries in January 1996 in preparation for the United Nations World Conference on Human Settlements in Istanbul in June 1996. The final results of the symposium are found in this book. This volume provides a better understanding, at global level, of internal migration issues of concern to policy analysts.

The Routledge Handbook on Informal Urbanization

The Routledge Handbook on Informal Urbanization
  • Author : Roberto Rocco,Jan van Ballegooijen
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Pages : 300
  • Relase : 2019-01-02
  • ISBN : 9781317292326

The Routledge Handbook on Informal Urbanization Book Review:

The Routledge Handbook on Informal Urbanization investigates the mutual relationship between the struggle for political inclusion and processes of informal urbanization in different socio-political and cultural settings. It seeks a middle ground between two opposing perspectives on the political meaning of urban informality. The first, the ‘emancipatory perspective’, frames urban informality as a practice that fosters autonomy, entrepreneurship and social mobility. The other perspective, more critical, sees informality predominantly as a result of political exclusion, inequality, and poverty. Do we see urban informality as a fertile breeding ground for bottom-up democracy and more political participation? Or is urban informality indeed merely the result of a democratic deficit caused by governing autocratic elites and ineffective bureaucracies? This book displays a wide variety of political practices and narratives around these positions based on narratives conceived upon specific case cities. It investigates how processes of urbanization are politicized in countries in the Global South and in transition economies. The handbook explores 24 cities in the Global South, as well as examples from Eastern Europe and East Asia, with contributions written by a global group of scholars familiar with the cases (often local scholars working in the cities analyzed) who offer unique insight on how informal urbanization can be interpreted in different contexts. These contributions engage the extreme urban environments under scrutiny which are likely to be the new laboratories of 21st-century democracy. It is vital reading for scholars, practitioners, and activists engaged in informal urbanization.

Infrastructure and Sustainable Urbanization for the 21st Century

Infrastructure and Sustainable Urbanization for the 21st Century
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Apec Secretariat
  • Pages : 104
  • Relase : 1999
  • ISBN : UCBK:C087320617

Infrastructure and Sustainable Urbanization for the 21st Century Book Review:

DISTRICT LEVEL ANALYSIS OF URBANIZATION FROM RURAL-TO-URBAN MIGRATION IN THE RAJASTHAN STATE

DISTRICT LEVEL ANALYSIS OF URBANIZATION FROM RURAL-TO-URBAN MIGRATION IN THE RAJASTHAN STATE
  • Author : Jayant Singh,Hansraj Yadav,Florentin Smarandache
  • Publisher : Infinite Study
  • Pages : 11
  • Relase :
  • ISBN :

DISTRICT LEVEL ANALYSIS OF URBANIZATION FROM RURAL-TO-URBAN MIGRATION IN THE RAJASTHAN STATE Book Review:

Migration has various dimensions; urbanization due to migration is one of them. In Rajasthan State, District level analysis of urbanization due to migrants shows trend invariably for all the districts of the state though the contribution in urbanization by the migrants varies from district to district.

Urbanization and Public Health in China

Urbanization and Public Health in China
  • Author : M. U. E. T. Al LI
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Pages : 400
  • Relase : 2015-11-13
  • ISBN : 9781783268559

Urbanization and Public Health in China Book Review:

European Urbanization, 1500-1800

European Urbanization, 1500-1800
  • Author : Jan De Vries
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Pages : 398
  • Relase : 2006-12-21
  • ISBN : 9780415417686

European Urbanization, 1500-1800 Book Review:

In European Urbanization Jan de Vries provides a comprehensive data base for understanding the nature of the changes that took place in European cities from 1500 to 1800. The book is based on an immense systematic survey of the population history of 379 European cities with 10,000 or more inhabitants analysed at fifty-year intervals. Using a wide range of economic, demographic and geographic models, Professor de Vries illustrates the patterns of urban growth, draws conclusions about the significance of migratory behaviour and shows the effects of urbanization on the history of Europe as a whole. Presenting these broad measures in urbanization the book makes the case that the cities of Europe gradually came to form a single urban system. The properties of this system are analysed with the use of several different geographical concepts: rank-size distribution, transition matrices and potential surfaces, among others. This examination of the fortunes of cities of different sizes and regions and the economic and political factors that affected their development is fundamentally important for understanding modern Europe and contemporary problems of urban development. Jan de Vries mines these rich, complex data to give us a balanced view of the dynamics of change in urban, pre-industrial society. This book was first published in 1984.

Urbanization and Its Impact on Socio-Economic Growth in Developing Regions

Urbanization and Its Impact on Socio-Economic Growth in Developing Regions
  • Author : Benna, Umar,Benna, Indo
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Pages : 404
  • Relase : 2017-06-19
  • ISBN : 9781522526605

Urbanization and Its Impact on Socio-Economic Growth in Developing Regions Book Review:

The social and economic systems of any country are influenced by a range of factors. As the global population grows in developing nations, it has become essential to examine the effects of urbanization. Urbanization and Its Impact on Socio-Economic Growth in Developing Regions is a pivotal reference source for the latest research findings on the role of urban growth on the socio-economic infrastructures in developing regions. Featuring extensive coverage on relevant areas such as job creation, sustainability, and transportation planning, this publication is an ideal resource for city development planners, decision-makers, researchers, academics, and students interested in emerging perspectives on socio-economic development.

Emancipatory Urbanization

Emancipatory Urbanization
  • Author : Dan Narita
  • Publisher : Cuvillier Verlag
  • Pages : 350
  • Relase : 2021-11-01
  • ISBN : 9783736965171

Emancipatory Urbanization Book Review:

Peripheral mountain territories are often a critical backbone resource for metropolitan areas. Redefined relationships can catalyze new synergies for urbanization and alternative livelihood strategies. The overdevelopment of the South-East coastal cities in Greater China has caused environmental degradation, unbalanced economic growth, and acute social disparities between the developed Pearl River Delta and the remote mountain territories in Guangdong Province. In this book, the Dongjiang River Basin in Guangdong is taken as a laboratory for alternative and bottom up urbanization scenarios. Opportunities are presented for micro-economic scenarios, livelihood diversification and the development of rural-urban habitats located in the hinterland of the coastal zone. The rediscovery of ancient mountain territories as a productive resource is emphasized for a new phase of urbanization. Overshadowed by the dominance of global city networks – liveable cities responsive to climate change, conscious of the scarcity of resources, and aware of widening social inequalities, may not be found in densely populated urban areas. The underestimated potential of mountain territories with dispersed settlement structures are proposed as an alternative people-oriented urbanity.

Sustainable Urbanization in India

Sustainable Urbanization in India
  • Author : Jenia Mukherjee
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Pages : 317
  • Relase : 2017-10-06
  • ISBN : 9789811049323

Sustainable Urbanization in India Book Review:

This comprehensive volume contributes to the existing and emerging body of literature on contemporary urbanization and the interactions between cities and the environment. The volume is contextualized against latest theories, debates and discussions on 'sustainable urbanization', the post‐2015 development agenda of the United Nations and India's official launching of the 'smart city' agenda. Reflecting on three major components of urban sustainability: investments and infrastructures, waste management, and urban ecologies and environmentalisms, it moves beyond the bi‐centric approach of only looking into the differences between the ‘developed’ and the ‘developing’ world and reflects on cities across India using polycentric methods and approaches. The Indian urban scenario is extremely complex and diverse, and solutions laid out in official and non‐official documents tend to miss these complexities. This volume includes innovative research across different parts of India, identifying city‐specific sources of unsustainability and challenges along with strategies and potentials that would make the process of urban transition both sustainable and equitable. Complex explorations of non‐linear, bottom‐up, multisectoral process‐based local urban contexts across north, south, east and west Indian cities in this volume critique a general acceptance of the universalized concept of ‘sustainable urbanization’ and suggest ways that might be important for transcending inclusive theories to form practical policy-based recommendations and actions.

Central America Urbanization Review

Central America Urbanization Review
  • Author : Augustin Maria,Jose Luis Acero,Ana I. Aguilera,Marisa Garcia Lozano
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Pages : 200
  • Relase : 2017-03-22
  • ISBN : 9781464809866

Central America Urbanization Review Book Review:

Central America is undergoing an important transition. Urban populations are increasing at accelerated speeds, bringing pressing challenges for development, as well as opportunities to boost sustained, inclusive and resilient growth. Today, 59 percent of the region’s population lives in urban areas, but it is expected that 7 out of 10 people will live in cities within the next generation. At current rates of urbanization, Central America’s urban population will double in size by 2050, welcoming over 25 million new urban dwellers calling for better infrastructure, higher coverage and quality of urban services and greater employment opportunities. With more people concentrated in urban areas, Central American governments at the national and local levels face both opportunities and challenges to ensure the prosperity of their country’s present and future generations. The Central America Urbanization Review: Making Cities Work for Central America provides a better understanding of the trends and implications of urbanization in the six Central American countries -Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama- and the actions that central and local governments can take to reap the intended benefits of this transformation. The report makes recommendations on how urban policies can contribute to addressing the main development challenges the region currently faces such as lack of social inclusion, high vulnerability to natural disasters, and lack of economic opportunities and competitiveness. Specifically, the report focuses on four priority areas for Central American cities: institutions for city management, access to adequate and well-located housing, resilience to natural disasters, and competitiveness through local economic development. This book is written for national and local policymakers, private sector actors, civil society, researchers and development partners in Central America and all around the world interested in learning more about the opportunities that urbanization brings in the 21st century.

Urbanization in Southeast Asia

Urbanization in Southeast Asia
  • Author : Yap Kioe Sheng,Moe Thuzar
  • Publisher : Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
  • Pages : 387
  • Relase : 2012
  • ISBN : 9789814380027

Urbanization in Southeast Asia Book Review:

Urbanization occurs in tandem with development. Countries in Southeast Asia need to build - individually and collectively - the capacity of their cities and towns to promote economic growth and development, to make urban development more sustainable, to mitigate and adapt to climate change, and to ensure that all groups in society share in the development. This book is a result of a series of regional discussions by experts and practitioners involved in the urban and planning of their countries. It highlights urbanization issues that have implications for regional - including ASEAN - cooperation, and provides practical recommendations for policymakers. It is a first step towards assisting governments in the region to take advantage of existing collaborative partnerships to address the urban transformation that Southeast Asia is experiencing today.

Urbanization with Chinese Characteristics: The Hukou System and Migration

Urbanization with Chinese Characteristics: The Hukou System and Migration
  • Author : Kam Wing Chan
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Pages : 222
  • Relase : 2018-04-19
  • ISBN : 9781351658270

Urbanization with Chinese Characteristics: The Hukou System and Migration Book Review:

Many agree that rapid urbanization in China in the late 20th and early 21st centuries is a mega process significantly reshaping China and the global economy. China’s urbanization also carries a certain mystique, which has long fascinated generations of scholars and journalists alike. As it has turned out, many of the asserted Chinese feats are mostly fancied claims or gross misinterpretations (of statistics, for example). There does exist, however, an urbanization that displays rather uncommon "Chinese" characteristics that remain to inadequately understood. Building on his three decades of careful research, Professor Kam Wing Chan expertly dissects the complexity of China’s hukou system, migration, urbanization and their interrelationships in this set of journal articles published in the last ten years. These works range from seminal papers on Chinese urban definitions and statistics; and broad-perspective analysis of the hukou system of its first semi-centennial; to examinations of migration trends and geography; and critical evaluations of China’s 2014 urbanization blueprint and hukou reform plan. This convenient assemblage contains many of Chan’s recent important works. Together they also form a relatively coherent set on this topic. They are essential readings to anyone serious about gaining a true understanding of the prodigious urbanization in contemporary China.

The Bioarchaeology of Urbanization

The Bioarchaeology of Urbanization
  • Author : Tracy K. Betsinger,Sharon N. DeWitte
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Pages : 538
  • Relase : 2020-11-05
  • ISBN : 9783030534172

The Bioarchaeology of Urbanization Book Review:

Urbanization has long been a focus of bioarchaeological research, but what is missing from the literature is an exploration of the geographic and temporal range of human biological, demographic, and sociocultural responses to this major shift in settlement pattern. Urbanization is characterized by increased population size and density, and is frequently assumed to produce negative biological effects. However, the relationship between urbanization and human “health” requires careful examination given the heterogeneity that exists within and between urban contexts. Studies of contemporary urbanization have found both positive and negative outcomes, which likely have parallels in past human societies. This volume is unique as there is no current bioarchaeological book addressing urbanization, despite various studies of urbanization having been conducted. Collectively, this volume provides a more holistic understanding of the relationships between urbanization and various aspects of human population health. The insight gained from this volume will provide not only a better understanding of urbanization in our past, but it will also have potential implications for those studying urbanization in contemporary communities.