Transport Processes in Chemically Reacting Flow Systems

Transport Processes in Chemically Reacting Flow Systems
  • Author : Daniel E. Rosner
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Pages : 568
  • Relase : 2013-10-22
  • ISBN : 9781483162683

Transport Processes in Chemically Reacting Flow Systems Book Review:

Transport Processes in Chemically Reacting Flow Systems discusses the role, in chemically reacting flow systems, of transport processes—particularly the transport of momentum, energy, and (chemical species) mass in fluids (gases and liquids). The principles developed and often illustrated here for combustion systems are important not only for the rational design and development of engineering equipment (e.g., chemical reactors, heat exchangers, mass exchangers) but also for scientific research involving coupled transport processes and chemical reaction in flow systems. The book begins with an introduction to transport processes in chemically reactive systems. Separate chapters cover momentum, energy, and mass transport. These chapters develop, state, and exploit useful quantitative ""analogies"" between these transport phenomena, including interrelationships that remain valid even in the presence of homogeneous or heterogeneous chemical reactions. A separate chapter covers the use of transport theory in the systematization and generalization of experimental data on chemically reacting systems. The principles and methods discussed are then applied to the preliminary design of a heat exchanger for extracting power from the products of combustion in a stationary (fossil-fuel-fired) power plant. The book has been written in such a way as to be accessible to students and practicing scientists whose background has until now been confined to physical chemistry, classical physics, and/or applied mathematics.

Chemically Reacting Flow

Chemically Reacting Flow
  • Author : Robert J. Kee,Michael E. Coltrin,Peter Glarborg,Huayang Zhu
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Pages : 792
  • Relase : 2017
  • ISBN : 9781119184874

Chemically Reacting Flow Book Review:

A guide to the theoretical underpinnings and practical applications of chemically reacting flow Chemically Reacting Flow: Theory, Modeling, and Simulation, Second Edition combines fundamental concepts in fluid mechanics and physical chemistry while helping students and professionals to develop the analytical and simulation skills needed to solve real-world engineering problems. The authors clearly explain the theoretical and computational building blocks enabling readers to extend the approaches described to related or entirely new applications. New to this Second Edition are substantially revised and reorganized coverage of topics treated in the first edition. New material in the book includes two important areas of active research: reactive porous-media flows and electrochemical kinetics. These topics create bridges between traditional fluid-flow simulation approaches and transport within porous-media electrochemical systems. The first half of the book is devoted to multicomponent fluid-mechanical fundamentals. In the second half the authors provide the necessary fundamental background needed to couple reaction chemistry into complex reacting-flow models. Coverage of such topics is presented in self-contained chapters, allowing a great deal of flexibility in course curriculum design. * Features new chapters on reactive porous-media flow, electrochemistry, chemical thermodynamics, transport properties, and solving differential equations in MATLAB * Provides the theoretical underpinnings and practical applications of chemically reacting flow * Emphasizes fundamentals, allowing the analyst to understand fundamental theory underlying reacting-flow simulations * Helps readers to acquire greater facility in the derivation and solution of conservation equations in new or unusual circumstances * Reorganized to facilitate use as a class text and now including a solutions manual for academic adopters Computer simulation of reactive systems is highly efficient and cost-effective in the development, enhancement, and optimization of chemical processes. Chemically Reacting Flow: Theory, Modeling, and Simulation, Second Edition helps prepare graduate students in mechanical or chemical engineering, as well as research professionals in those fields take utmost advantage of that powerful capability.

Computational Fluid and Solid Mechanics

Computational Fluid and Solid Mechanics
  • Author : K.J. Bathe
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Pages : 1768
  • Relase : 2001-05-21
  • ISBN : 0080552811

Computational Fluid and Solid Mechanics Book Review:

The MIT mission - "to bring together Industry and Academia and to nurture the next generation in computational mechanics is of great importance to reach the new level of mathematical modeling and numerical solution and to provide an exciting research environment for the next generation in computational mechanics." Mathematical modeling and numerical solution is today firmly established in science and engineering. Research conducted in almost all branches of scientific investigations and the design of systems in practically all disciplines of engineering can not be pursued effectively without, frequently, intensive analysis based on numerical computations. The world we live in has been classified by the human mind, for descriptive and analysis purposes, to consist of fluids and solids, continua and molecules; and the analyses of fluids and solids at the continuum and molecular scales have traditionally been pursued separately. Fundamentally, however, there are only molecules and particles for any material that interact on the microscopic and macroscopic scales. Therefore, to unify the analysis of physical systems and to reach a deeper understanding of the behavior of nature in scientific investigations, and of the behavior of designs in engineering endeavors, a new level of analysis is necessary. This new level of mathematical modeling and numerical solution does not merely involve the analysis of a single medium but must encompass the solution of multi-physics problems involving fluids, solids, and their interactions, involving multi-scale phenomena from the molecular to the macroscopic scales, and must include uncertainties in the given data and the solution results. Nature does not distinguish between fluids and solids and does not ever repeat itself exactly. This new level of analysis must also include, in engineering, the effective optimization of systems, and the modeling and analysis of complete life spans of engineering products, from design to fabrication, to possibly multiple repairs, to end of service.

Chemically Reacting Flow

Chemically Reacting Flow
  • Author : Robert J. Kee,Michael E. Coltrin,Peter Glarborg
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Pages : 928
  • Relase : 2005-03-04
  • ISBN : 9780471461302

Chemically Reacting Flow Book Review:

Complex chemically reacting flow simulations are commonly employedto develop quantitative understanding and to optimize reactionconditions in systems such as combustion, catalysis, chemical vapordeposition, and other chemical processes. Although reactionconditions, geometries, and fluid flow can vary widely among theapplications of chemically reacting flows, all applications share aneed for accurate, detailed descriptions of the chemical kineticsoccurring in the gas-phase or on reactive surfaces. ChemicallyReacting Flow: Theory and Practice combines fundamental concepts influid mechanics and physical chemistry, assisting the student andpracticing researcher in developing analytical and simulationskills that are useful and extendable for solving real-worldengineering problems. The first several chapters introduce transport processes,primarily from a fluid-mechanics point of view, incorporatingcomputational simulation from the outset. The middle sectiontargets physical chemistry topics that are required to developchemically reacting flow simulations, such as chemicalthermodynamics, molecular transport, chemical rate theories, andreaction mechanisms. The final chapters deal with complexchemically reacting flow simulations, emphasizing combustion andmaterials processing. Among other features, Chemically ReactingFlow: Theory and Practice: -Advances a comprehensive approach to interweaving thefundamentals of chemical kinetics and fluid mechanics -Embraces computational simulation, equipping the reader witheffective, practical tools for solving real-world problems -Emphasizes physical fundamentals, enabling the analyst tounderstand how reacting flow simulations achieve theirresults -Provides a valuable resource for scientists and engineers who useChemkin or similar software Computer simulation of reactive systems is highly effective inthe development, enhancement, and optimization of chemicalprocesses. Chemically Reacting Flow helps prepare both students andprofessionals to take practical advantage of this powerfulcapability.

Bioreactor System Design

Bioreactor System Design
  • Author : Juan A. Asenjo
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Pages : 648
  • Relase : 1994-11-17
  • ISBN : 0824790022

Bioreactor System Design Book Review:

Describes the state-of-the-art techniques and methods involved in the design, operation, preparation and containment of bioreactor systems, taking into account the interrelated effects of variables associated with both upstream and downstream stages of the design process. The importance of the initial steps in the development of a bioprocess, such as strain and media selection, that have an overwhelming influence on all further operations, is emphasized.;This work is intended for biochemical, chemical and bioprocess engineers; biotechnologists; industrial biochemists; micro- and molecular biologists; food scientists; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.

Parallel Computational Fluid Dynamics

Parallel Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • Author : Rupak Biswas
  • Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
  • Pages : 691
  • Relase : 2010
  • ISBN : 9781605950228

Parallel Computational Fluid Dynamics Book Review:

Kinetics Of Gas Reaction VIB

Kinetics Of Gas Reaction VIB
  • Author : Willhelm Jost
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Pages : 543
  • Relase : 2012-12-02
  • ISBN : 9780323146562

Kinetics Of Gas Reaction VIB Book Review:

Physical Chemistry: An Advanced Treatise: Kinetics of Gas Reactions, Volume VIB, is devoted to gas phase chemical reactions. The purpose of this treatise is to present a comprehensive treatment of physical chemistry for advanced students and investigators in a reasonably small number of volumes. An attempt has been made to include all important topics in physical chemistry together with borderline subjects which are of particular interest and importance. The book contains six chapters and begins with a study on the elastic and inelastic scattering of ions on molecules, including such topics as rainbow scattering, reactive scattering, and experimental procedures and results of high-resolution measurements. This is followed by separate chapters on collision processes and the theory of elastic scattering; and atom reactions, with a discussion of experimental techniques (static, flow, and pulse methods), among the selected examples being the reactions of H, O, C, and N atoms with alkanes, alkenes, acetylene, sulfur, and nitrogen compounds. Subsequent chapters deal with experimental methods and results obtained by several techniques of relaxation methods in gases; thermal unimolecular reactions; and the interactions between chemical reactions, transport processes, and flow phenomena.

Combustion

Combustion
  • Author : J. Warnatz,Ulrich Maas,Robert W. Dibble
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Pages : 378
  • Relase : 2006-08-18
  • ISBN : 9783540259923

Combustion Book Review:

This book provides a rigorous treatment of the coupling of chemical reactions and fluid flow. Combustion-specific topics of chemistry and fluid mechanics are considered and tools described for the simulation of combustion processes. This edition is completely restructured. Mathematical Formulae and derivations as well as the space-consuming reaction mechanisms have been replaced from the text to appendix. A new chapter discusses the impact of combustion processes on the atmosphere, the chapter on auto-ignition is extended to combustion in Otto- and Diesel-engines, and the chapters on heterogeneous combustion and on soot formation are heavily revised.

Numerical Modeling of Stagnation Flows over Porous Catalytic Surfaces

Numerical Modeling of Stagnation Flows over Porous Catalytic Surfaces
  • Author : Karadeniz, Hueseyin
  • Publisher : KIT Scientific Publishing
  • Pages : 228
  • Relase : 2016-04-08
  • ISBN : 9783731504344

Numerical Modeling of Stagnation Flows over Porous Catalytic Surfaces Book Review:

Hydrodynamics and Transport Processes of Inverse Bubbly Flow

Hydrodynamics and Transport Processes of Inverse Bubbly Flow
  • Author : Subrata Kumar Majumder
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Pages : 462
  • Relase : 2016-03-31
  • ISBN : 9780128032886

Hydrodynamics and Transport Processes of Inverse Bubbly Flow Book Review:

Hydrodynamics and Transport Processes of Inverse Bubbly Flow provides the science and fundamentals behind hydrodynamic characteristics, including flow regimes, gas entrainment, pressure drop, holdup and mixing characteristics, bubble size distribution, and the interfacial area of inverse bubble flow regimes. Special attention is given to mass and heat transfer. This book is an indispensable reference for researchers in academia and industry working in chemical and biochemical engineering. Hydrodynamics and Transport Processes of Inverse Bubbly Flow helps facilitate a better understanding of the phenomena of multiphase flow systems as used in chemical and biochemical industries. A first book in the market dedicated to the hydrodynamics of inverse bubbly flows Includes fundamentals of conventional and inverse bubble columns for different hydrodynamic parameters Includes recommendations for future applications of bubble flows

Reacting Flows

Reacting Flows
  • Author : G. S. S. Ludford,American Mathematical Society
  • Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
  • Pages : 536
  • Relase : 1986-12-31
  • ISBN : 082189692X

Reacting Flows Book Review:

These two volumes represent the culmination of the Special Year `84-'85 in Reacting Flows held at Cornell University. As the proceedings of the 1985 AMS/SIAM Summer Seminar in Applied Mathematics, the volumes focus on both mathematical and computational questions in combustion and chemical reactors. They are addressed to researchers and graduate students in the theory of reacting flows. Together they provide a sound basis and many incentives for future research, especially in computational aspects of reacting flows. Although the theory of reacting flows has developed rapidly, researchers in the two subareas of combustion and chemical reactors have not communicated. The main goal of this seminar was to synthesize the mathematical theory and bring it to the interface with large-scale computing. All of the papers have high research value, but the first five introductory lectures should be especially noted.

Biological and Bioenvironmental Heat and Mass Transfer

Biological and Bioenvironmental Heat and Mass Transfer
  • Author : Ashim K. Datta
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Pages : 424
  • Relase : 2002-03-21
  • ISBN : 9780824744380

Biological and Bioenvironmental Heat and Mass Transfer Book Review:

Providing a foundation in heat and mass transport, this book covers engineering principles of heat and mass transfer. The author discusses biological content, context, and parameter regimes and supplies practical applications for biological and biomedical engineering, industrial food processing, environmental control, and waste management. The book contains end-of-chapter problems and sections highlighting key concepts and important terminology It offers cross-references for easy access to related areas and relevant formulas, as well as detailed examples of transport phenomena, and descriptions of physical processes. It covers mechanisms of diffusion, capillarity, convection, and dispersion.

Transport Phenomena in Micro Process Engineering

Transport Phenomena in Micro Process Engineering
  • Author : Norbert Kockmann
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Pages : 365
  • Relase : 2007-11-12
  • ISBN : 9783540746188

Transport Phenomena in Micro Process Engineering Book Review:

In this book, the fundamentals of chemical engineering are presented with respect to applications in micro system technology, microfluidics, and transport processes within microstructures. Special features of the book include the state-of-the-art in micro process engineering, a detailed treatment of transport phenomena for engineers, and a design methodology from transport effects to economic considerations.

Reactive Flows, Diffusion and Transport

Reactive Flows, Diffusion and Transport
  • Author : Willi Jäger,Rolf Rannacher,J. Warnatz
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Pages : 676
  • Relase : 2007-05-31
  • ISBN : 9783540283966

Reactive Flows, Diffusion and Transport Book Review:

The articles in this volume summarize the research results obtained in the former SFB 359 "Reactive Flow, Diffusion and Transport" which has been supported by the DFG over the period 1993-2004. The main subjects are physical-chemical processes sharing the difficulty of interacting diffusion, transport and reaction which cannot be considered separately. The modeling and simulation within this book is accompanied by experiments.

Chemical Reactor Modeling

Chemical Reactor Modeling
  • Author : Hugo A. Jakobsen
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Pages : 1244
  • Relase : 2008-10-15
  • ISBN : 9783540686224

Chemical Reactor Modeling Book Review:

This book closes the gap between Chemical Reaction Engineering and Fluid Mechanics. It provides the basic theory for momentum, heat and mass transfer in reactive systems. Numerical methods for solving the resulting equations as well as the interplay between physical and numerical modes are discussed. The book is written using the standard terminology of this community. It is intended for researchers and engineers who want to develop their own codes, or who are interested in a deeper insight into commercial CFD codes in order to derive consistent extensions and to overcome "black box" practice. It can also serve as a textbook and reference book.

Heat Transfer 1994

Heat Transfer 1994
  • Author : G. F. Hewitt
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Pages : 3500
  • Relase : 1994
  • ISBN : 1560323345

Heat Transfer 1994 Book Review:

Handbook of Fluid Dynamics

Handbook of Fluid Dynamics
  • Author : Richard W. Johnson
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Pages : 1952
  • Relase : 1998-05-28
  • ISBN : 0849325099

Handbook of Fluid Dynamics Book Review:

This book provides professionals in the field of fluid dynamics with a comprehensive guide and resource. The book balances three traditional areas of fluid mechanics - theoretical, computational, and experimental - and expounds on basic science and engineering techniques. Each chapter introduces a topic, discusses the primary issues related to this subject, outlines approaches taken by experts, and supplies references for further information. Topics discussed include: basic engineering fluid dynamics classical fluid dynamics turbulence modeling reacting flows multiphase flows flow and porous media high Reynolds number asymptotic theories finite difference method finite volume method finite element method spectral element methods for incompressible flows experimental methods, such as hot-wire anemometry, laser-Doppler velocimetry, and flow visualization applications, such as axial-flow compressor and fan aerodynamics, turbomachinery, airfoils and wings, atmospheric flows, and mesoscale oceanic flows The text enables experts in particular areas to become familiar with useful information from outside their specialization, providing a broad reference for the significant areas within fluid dynamics.

Water Quality Engineering

Water Quality Engineering
  • Author : Mark M. Benjamin,Desmond F. Lawler
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Pages : 912
  • Relase : 2013-06-13
  • ISBN : 9781118632277

Water Quality Engineering Book Review:

Explains the fundamental theory and mathematics of water and wastewater treatment processes By carefully explaining both the underlying theory and the underlying mathematics, this text enables readers to fully grasp the fundamentals of physical and chemical treatment processes for water and wastewater. Throughout the book, the authors use detailed examples to illustrate real-world challenges and their solutions, including step-by-step mathematical calculations. Each chapter ends with a set of problems that enable readers to put their knowledge into practice by developing and analyzing complex processes for the removal of soluble and particulate materials in order to ensure the safety of our water supplies. Designed to give readers a deep understanding of how water treatment processes actually work, Water Quality Engineering explores: Application of mass balances in continuous flow systems, enabling readers to understand and predict changes in water quality Processes for removing soluble contaminants from water, including treatment of municipal and industrial wastes Processes for removing particulate materials from water Membrane processes to remove both soluble and particulate materials Following the discussion of mass balances in continuous flow systems in the first part of the book, the authors explain and analyze water treatment processes in subsequent chapters by setting forth the relevant mass balance for the process, reactor geometry, and flow pattern under consideration. With its many examples and problem sets, Water Quality Engineering is recommended as a textbook for graduate courses in physical and chemical treatment processes for water and wastewater. By drawing together the most recent research findings and industry practices, this text is also recommended for professional environmental engineers in search of a contemporary perspective on water and wastewater treatment processes.

Analysis of Kinetic Reaction Mechanisms

Analysis of Kinetic Reaction Mechanisms
  • Author : Tamás Turányi,Alison S. Tomlin
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Pages : 363
  • Relase : 2014-12-29
  • ISBN : 9783662445624

Analysis of Kinetic Reaction Mechanisms Book Review:

Chemical processes in many fields of science and technology, including combustion, atmospheric chemistry, environmental modelling, process engineering, and systems biology, can be described by detailed reaction mechanisms consisting of numerous reaction steps. This book describes methods for the analysis of reaction mechanisms that are applicable in all these fields. Topics addressed include: how sensitivity and uncertainty analyses allow the calculation of the overall uncertainty of simulation results and the identification of the most important input parameters, the ways in which mechanisms can be reduced without losing important kinetic and dynamic detail, and the application of reduced models for more accurate engineering optimizations. This monograph is invaluable for researchers and engineers dealing with detailed reaction mechanisms, but is also useful for graduate students of related courses in chemistry, mechanical engineering, energy and environmental science and biology.

Thermodynamic Approaches in Engineering Systems

Thermodynamic Approaches in Engineering Systems
  • Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Pages : 738
  • Relase : 2016-05-20
  • ISBN : 9780128093399

Thermodynamic Approaches in Engineering Systems Book Review:

Thermodynamic Approaches in Engineering Systems responds to the need for a synthesizing volume that throws light upon the extensive field of thermodynamics from a chemical engineering perspective that applies basic ideas and key results from the field to chemical engineering problems. This book outlines and interprets the most valuable achievements in applied non-equilibrium thermodynamics obtained within the recent fifty years. It synthesizes nontrivial achievements of thermodynamics in important branches of chemical and biochemical engineering. Readers will gain an update on what has been achieved, what new research problems could be stated, and what kind of further studies should be developed within specialized research. Presents clearly structured chapters beginning with an introduction, elaboration of the process, and results summarized in a conclusion Written by a first-class expert in the field of advanced methods in thermodynamics Provides a synthesis of recent thermodynamic developments in practical systems Presents very elaborate literature discussions from the past fifty years