Seismic Risk Analysis of Nuclear Power Plants

Seismic Risk Analysis of Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : Wei-Chau Xie,Shun-Hao Ni,Wei Liu,Wei Jiang
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Pages : 631
  • Relase : 2019-04-18
  • ISBN : 9781107040465

Seismic Risk Analysis of Nuclear Power Plants Book Review:

A systematic and comprehensive introduction of seismic risk analysis of critical engineering structures, focusing on nuclear power plants.

Seismic Risk Analysis Methods and Seismic Effects in Nuclear Power Plant

Seismic Risk Analysis Methods and Seismic Effects in Nuclear Power Plant
  • Author : Ahmad Kuwaifi
  • Publisher :
  • Pages : 96
  • Relase : 1985
  • ISBN : UOM:39015010893868

Seismic Risk Analysis Methods and Seismic Effects in Nuclear Power Plant Book Review:

Earthquakes

Earthquakes
  • Author : Taher Zouaghi
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Pages : 390
  • Relase : 2017-02-01
  • ISBN : 9789535128854

Earthquakes Book Review:

This book is devoted to diverse aspects of earthquake researches, especially to new achievements in seismicity that involves geosciences, assessment, and mitigation. Chapters contain advanced materials of detailed engineering investigations, which can help more clearly appreciate, predict, and manage different earthquake processes. Different research themes for diverse areas in the world are developed here, highlighting new methods of studies that lead to new results and models, which could be helpful for the earthquake risk. The presented and developed themes mainly concern wave's characterization and decomposition, recent seismic activity, assessment-mitigation, and engineering techniques. The book provides the state of the art on recent progress in earthquake engineering and management. The obtained results show a scientific progress that has an international scope and, consequently, should open perspectives to other still unresolved interesting aspects.

Evaluation of Seismic Hazards for Nuclear Power Plants

Evaluation of Seismic Hazards for Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher : IAEA
  • Pages : 31
  • Relase : 2002
  • ISBN : UOM:39015052542639

Evaluation of Seismic Hazards for Nuclear Power Plants Book Review:

This Safety Guide provides guidelines and recommends procedures for the evaluation of seismic hazards for nuclear power plants. Specifically, it provides recommendations on how to determine the ground motion hazards for a plant at a particular site and the potential for surface faulting, which could affect the feasibility of construction and safe operation of a plant at that site. The Guide supersedes IAEA Safety Series No. 50-SG-S1 (Rev.l), Earthquakes and Associated Topics in Relation to Nuclear Power plant Siting that was issued in 1991.

Risk Analysis Based on Data and Crisis Response Beyond Knowledge

Risk Analysis Based on Data and Crisis Response Beyond Knowledge
  • Author : Chongfu Huang,Zoe S. Nivolianitou
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Pages : 694
  • Relase : 2019-10-11
  • ISBN : 9781000727999

Risk Analysis Based on Data and Crisis Response Beyond Knowledge Book Review:

This book collects the papers presented at the 7th International Conference on Risk Analysis and Crisis Response (RACR-2019) held in Athens, Greece, on October 15-19, 2019. The overall theme of the seventh international conference on risk analysis and crisis response is Risk Analysis Based on Data and Crisis Response Beyond Knowledge, highlighting science and technology to improve risk analysis capabilities and to optimize crisis response strategy. This book contains primarily research articles of risk issues. Underlying topics include natural hazards and major (chemical) accidents prevention, disaster risk reduction and society resilience, information and communication technologies safety and cybersecurity, modern trends in crisis management, energy and resources security, critical infrastructure, nanotechnology safety and others. All topics include aspects of multidisciplinarity and complexity of safety in education and research. The book should be valuable to professors, engineers, officials, businessmen and graduate students in risk analysis and risk management.

Seismic Design for Nuclear Power Plants

Seismic Design for Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : Robert J. Hansen
  • Publisher : MIT Press (MA)
  • Pages : 489
  • Relase : 1970
  • ISBN : 0262080419

Seismic Design for Nuclear Power Plants Book Review:

The development of protective measures to guard against the spread of radioactive debris following reactor disasters has been given extensive and careful engineering attention over the past several years. Much of this attention has been devoted to eliminating or minimizing the effects of malfunctions of internal components. But reactors can also suffer externally caused disasters—for example, their radioactive cores can be damaged by earthquakes or by missiles generated by tornadoes. Earthquakes in particular will continue to render man vulnerable even to the "peaceful atom" as the number of nuclear power plants increases and as they come to be located in those parts of the world that have a history of seismic activity. It was to consider such problems that the seminar reported here was held. The conferees, who are leaders in this special and important field, gathered in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in spring 1969, to present the papers whose titles are listed below. Together they cover both the theoretical underpinnings of the subject and specific applications to nuclear reactors; they provide both useful summaries of what is known to date and some new thinking on the subject, not before published. Contents: Preface—T. J. Thompson. Foreword—R. J. Hansen. Introduction—R. V. Whitman. Geological and Seismological Factors Influencing the Assessment of a Seismic Threat to Nuclear Reactors—Daniel Linehan, S. J. Geophysics—Keiiti Aki. Design Seismic Inputs—C. Allin Cornell. Some Observations on Probabilistic Methods in the Seismic Design of Nuclear Power Plants—C. Allin Cornell. Seismic Risk and Seismic Design Decisions—Luis Esteva. Fundamentals of Soil Amplification—J. M. Roesset. Soil Structure Interaction—R. V. Whitman. Evaluation of Soil Properties for Site Evaluation and Dynamic Analysis of Nuclear Plants—R. V. Whitman. Structural Response to Seismic Input—J. M. Biggs. Seismic Analysis of Equipment Mounted on a Massive Structure—J. M. Biggs and J. M. Roesset. Modal Response of Containment Structures—Peter Jan Pahl. Provision of Required Seismic Resistance—M. J. Holley, Jr. A Measure of Earthquake Intensity—Arturo Arias. Closure—R. J. Hansen.

A Comparison of Seismic Risk Studies in Nuclear Power Plants

A Comparison of Seismic Risk Studies in Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : Luis G. Balderas-Ariza
  • Publisher :
  • Pages :
  • Relase : 1985
  • ISBN : UOM:39015010885864

A Comparison of Seismic Risk Studies in Nuclear Power Plants Book Review:

Methodologies for Seismic Safety Evaluation of Existing Nuclear Installations

Methodologies for Seismic Safety Evaluation of Existing Nuclear Installations
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :
  • Pages : 117
  • Relase : 2020-10-31
  • ISBN : 9201072198

Methodologies for Seismic Safety Evaluation of Existing Nuclear Installations Book Review:

Experience shows that an assessment of the seismic capacity of an existing operating facility can be required for a number of reasons, for example identification of potential seismic vulnerabilities based on operating experience events or the periodic safety review programme. This publication covers the seismic safety evaluation programmes to be performed on existing nuclear installations in order to ensure that the required fundamental safety functions are available, with particular application to the safe shutdown of reactors. It includes lessons learned based on the IAEA Action Plan for Strengthening Nuclear Safety, following the Fukushima accident, and updated methodologies for seismic safety evaluation of nuclear installations.

Paleoseismology

Paleoseismology
  • Author : James McCalpin
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Pages : 626
  • Relase : 1996
  • ISBN : 0124818269

Paleoseismology Book Review:

Paleoseismology (the study of "ancient" earthquakes) has become an important component of seismic risk analysis, which is mandated for nuclear power plants, dams, waste repositories, and other critical structures. This book is the first in the English language to be devoted solely to paleoseismology. It summarizes the development of the field from the 1960s to the present, encompassing material that is currently widely dispersed in journal articles. The 10 chapters included in this text span the entire range of techniques currently used in paleoseismic reconstruction, and are contributed by active practitioners at the forefront of paleoseismic research. * First book solely devoted to paleoseismology * Summarizes the development of the field from the 1960's to the present * Includes a comprehensive review of the techniques currently used in paleoseismology * Emphasizes practical methods of data collection and field studies * Covers interpretation of field data based on current theory concerning fault segmentation and recurrence cycles * Contains more than 170 line drawings and 50 photographs of paleoseismic phenomena

Performance Assessment of Conventional and Base-isolated Nuclear Power Plants for Earthquake and Blast Loadings

Performance Assessment of Conventional and Base-isolated Nuclear Power Plants for Earthquake and Blast Loadings
  • Author : Yin-Nan Huang,Andrew Stuart Whittaker,Nicolas Luco
  • Publisher :
  • Pages : 404
  • Relase : 2008
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822036244994

Performance Assessment of Conventional and Base-isolated Nuclear Power Plants for Earthquake and Blast Loadings Book Review:

Nuclear power plants (NPPs) and spent nuclear fuel (SNF) are required by code and regulations to be designed for a family of extreme events, including very rare earthquake shaking, loss of coolant accidents, and tornado-borne missile impacts. Blast loading due to malevolent attack became a design consideration for NPPs and SNF after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The studies presented in this dissertation assess the performance of sample conventional and base isolated NPP reactor buildings subjected to seismic effects and blast loadings. The response of the sample reactor building to tornado-borne missile impacts and internal events (e.g., loss of coolant accidents) will not change if the building is base isolated and so these hazards were not considered. The sample NPP reactor building studied in this dissertation is composed of containment and internal structures with a total weight of approximately 75,000 tons. Four configurations of the reactor building are studied, including one conventional fixed-base reactor building and three base-isolated reactor buildings using Friction Pendulum(TM), lead rubber and low damping rubber bearings. The seismic assessment of the sample reactor building is performed using a new procedure proposed in this dissertation that builds on the methodology presented in the draft ATC-58 Guidelines and the widely used Zion method, which uses fragility curves defined in terms of ground-motion parameters for NPP seismic probabilistic risk assessment. The new procedure improves the Zion method by using fragility curves that are defined in terms of structural response parameters since damage and failure of NPP components are more closely tied to structural response parameters than to ground motion parameters. Alternate ground motion scaling methods are studied to help establish an optimal procedure for scaling ground motions for the purpose of seismic performance assessment. The proposed performance assessment procedure is used to evaluate the vulnerability of the conventional and base-isolated NPP reactor buildings. The seismic performance assessment confirms the utility of seismic isolation at reducing spectral demands on secondary systems. Procedures to reduce the construction cost of secondary systems in isolated reactor buildings are presented. A blast assessment of the sample reactor building is performed for an assumed threat of 2000 kg of TNT explosive detonated on the surface with a closest distance to the reactor building of 10 m. The air and ground shock waves produced by the design threat are generated and used for performance assessment. The air blast loading to the sample reactor building is computed using a Computational Fluid Dynamics code Air3D and the ground shock time series is generated using an attenuation model for soil/rock response. Response-history analysis of the sample conventional and base isolated reactor buildings to external blast loadings is performed using the hydrocode LS-DYNA. The spectral demands on the secondary systems in the isolated reactor building due to air blast loading are greater than those for the conventional reactor building but much smaller than those spectral demands associated with Safe Shutdown Earthquake shaking. The isolators are extremely effective at filtering out high acceleration, high frequency ground shock loading.

Seismicity and Seismic Risk in the Offshore North Sea Area

Seismicity and Seismic Risk in the Offshore North Sea Area
  • Author : A.R. Ritsema,A. Gurpinar
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Pages : 454
  • Relase : 1983-01-31
  • ISBN : 9027715297

Seismicity and Seismic Risk in the Offshore North Sea Area Book Review:

The Workshop on the Seismicity and Seismic Risk in the Off shore North Sea Area was intended to bring together experts from a variety of disciplines as well as interest groups with involve ment in siting, design and construction of offshore structures in the region. Participants came from the fields of geology, seismology, oceanography, geotechnical and structural engineering and risk analysis. The wide range of participant affiliations included institutes, Observatories, universities, oil companies, consultants and insurance firms. All nationalities around the North Sea were present, in addition to some experts from outside the region. All participants were present on the basis of personal invitation. The idea of organizing the Workshop stemmed from conside- tions, such as: the rapidly increasing material and personel investments and versatility of type of structures in the basin.during the past decade; - the present-day important role Jf the North Sea oil and gas production in the economy of Western Europe; and - the increase of potential environmental risks in the region. Although devastating earthquakes are almost unknown in the area and seismic hazard is not great, the seismic risk grows with the growing size and number of structures in the area. The study of the potential seismic risks, therefore, cannot be neglected any more. The siting and design of offshore platforms and submarine pipelines are controlled by the degree of their vulnerability as well as the seismic hazard. in the region.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :
  • Pages :
  • Relase : 1994
  • ISBN : MINN:30000006363943

Energy Research Abstracts Book Review:

Semiannual, with semiannual and annual indexes. References to all scientific and technical literature coming from DOE, its laboratories, energy centers, and contractors. Includes all works deriving from DOE, other related government-sponsored information, and foreign nonnuclear information. Arranged under 39 categories, e.g., Biomedical sciences, basic studies; Biomedical sciences, applied studies; Health and safety; and Fusion energy. Entry gives bibliographical information and abstract. Corporate, author, subject, report number indexes.

Seismic Hazard and Risk Analysis

Seismic Hazard and Risk Analysis
  • Author : Jack Baker,Brendon Bradley,Peter Stafford
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Pages : 596
  • Relase : 2021-10-21
  • ISBN : 9781108604901

Seismic Hazard and Risk Analysis Book Review:

Seismic hazard and risk analyses underpin the loadings prescribed by engineering design codes, the decisions by asset owners to retrofit structures, the pricing of insurance policies, and many other activities. This is a comprehensive overview of the principles and procedures behind seismic hazard and risk analysis. It enables readers to understand best practises and future research directions. Early chapters cover the essential elements and concepts of seismic hazard and risk analysis, while later chapters shift focus to more advanced topics. Each chapter includes worked examples and problem sets for which full solutions are provided online. Appendices provide relevant background in probability and statistics. Computer codes are also available online to help replicate specific calculations and demonstrate the implementation of various methods. This is a valuable reference for upper level students and practitioners in civil engineering, and earth scientists interested in engineering seismology.

Risk and Uncertainty Assessment for Natural Hazards

Risk and Uncertainty Assessment for Natural Hazards
  • Author : Jonathan Rougier,Lisa J. Hill,Robert Stephen John Sparks
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Pages : 588
  • Relase : 2013-02-21
  • ISBN : 9781107006195

Risk and Uncertainty Assessment for Natural Hazards Book Review:

A state-of-the-art overview of natural hazard risk assessment, for researchers and professionals in natural-hazard science, risk management and environmental science.

NUREG/CR.

NUREG/CR.
  • Author : U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
  • Publisher :
  • Pages :
  • Relase : 1981
  • ISBN : MINN:31951D00815695F

NUREG/CR. Book Review:

The 2011 Mineral, Virginia, Earthquake, and Its Significance for Seismic Hazards in Eastern North America

The 2011 Mineral, Virginia, Earthquake, and Its Significance for Seismic Hazards in Eastern North America
  • Author : J. Wright Horton Jr.,Martin C. Chapman,Russell A. Green
  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Pages : 431
  • Relase : 2015-01
  • ISBN : 9780813725093

The 2011 Mineral, Virginia, Earthquake, and Its Significance for Seismic Hazards in Eastern North America Book Review:

"The 2011 Mineral, Virginia, earthquake, the largest to occur in the Appalachian region in more than 100 years, provided new seismologic, engineering, geologic, hydrologic, and geophysical data. This volume makes these results available for geoscientists, engineers, and decision makers interested in understanding earthquakes and seismic hazards in eastern North America and other intraplate settings"--

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts
  • Author : United States. Energy Research and Development Administration
  • Publisher :
  • Pages :
  • Relase : 1977
  • ISBN : UOM:39015048721487

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts Book Review:

Risk Importance Measures in the Design and Operation of Nuclear Power Plants

Risk Importance Measures in the Design and Operation of Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : Ivan Vrbanic,Pranab Samanta,Ivica Basic
  • Publisher :
  • Pages : 152
  • Relase : 2017
  • ISBN : 0791861392

Risk Importance Measures in the Design and Operation of Nuclear Power Plants Book Review:

In using risk-informed approaches for ensuring safety of operating nuclear power plants (NPPs), risk importance measures obtained from probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs) of the plants are integral elements of consideration in many cases. Obtaining these measures in appropriate forms is helpful for decision makers and can facilitate the use of risk information.

Practice of Earthquake Hazard Assessment

Practice of Earthquake Hazard Assessment
  • Author : DIANE Publishing Company
  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Pages : 284
  • Relase : 1993
  • ISBN : 0788115928

Practice of Earthquake Hazard Assessment Book Review:

Summarizes probabilistic seismic hazard assessment as it is practiced in various countries throughout the world. 59 reports are included covering 88 countries, which comprise about 80% of the inhabited land mass of the Earth. Over 100 maps.

Nuclear Power Plant Design and Seismic Safety Considerations

Nuclear Power Plant Design and Seismic Safety Considerations
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Pages :
  • Relase :
  • ISBN : 9781437986600

Nuclear Power Plant Design and Seismic Safety Considerations Book Review: