The Ethics of Protocells

The Ethics of Protocells
  • Author : Gaymon Bennett
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Pages : 365
  • Relase : 2009
  • ISBN : 9780262012621

The Ethics of Protocells Book Review:

Introduction to the prospects of protocells / Mark Bedau and Emily Parke -- New technologies, public perceptions, and ethics / Brian Johnson -- Social and ethical implications of artificial cells / Mark Bedau and Mark Triant -- The acceptability of the risks of protocells / Carl Cranor -- The precautionary principle and its critics / Emily Parke and Mark Bedau -- A new virtue-based understanding of the precautionary principle / Per Sandin -- Ethical dialogue about science in the context of a culture of precaution / Bill Durodia -- The creation of life in cultural context : from spontaneous generation to synthetic biology / Joachim Schummer -- Second life : some ethical issues in synthetic biology and the recapitulation of evolution / Laurie Zoloth -- Protocell patents : property between modularity and emergence / Alain Pottage -- Protocells, precaution, and open-source biology / Andrew Hessel -- The ambivalence of protocells : challenges for self-reflexive ethics / Brigitte Hantsche -- Open evolution and human agency : the pragmatics of upstream ethics in the design of artificial life / George Khushf -- Human practices : interfacing three modes of collaboration / Paul Rabinow and Gaymon Bennett -- This is not a hammer : on ethics and technology / Mickey Gjerris -- Toward a critical evaluation of protocell research / Christine Hauskeller -- Methodological considerations about the ethical and social implications of protocells / Giovanni Boniolo

Modelling Protocells

Modelling Protocells
  • Author : Roberto Serra,Marco Villani
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Pages : 182
  • Relase : 2017-07-24
  • ISBN : 9789402411607

Modelling Protocells Book Review:

The monograph discusses models of synthetic protocells, which are cell-like structures obtained from non-living matter endowed with some rudimentary kind of metabolism and genetics, but much simpler than biological cells. They should grow and proliferate, generating offsprings that resemble in some way the parent protocells with some variation, so that selection may take place. Sustainable protocell populations have not yet been obtained experimentally and mathematical models are therefore extremely important to address key questions concerning their synthesis and behavior. Different protocell “architectures” have been proposed and high-level abstract models like those that are presented in this book are particularly relevant to gain a better understanding of the different properites. These models are able to treat all the major dynamical phenomena in a unified framework, so they can be seen as “virtual laboratories” for protocell research. Particular attention is paid to the problem of synchronization of the fission rate of the whole protocell and the duplication rate of its "protogenetic" material, which is shown to be an emergent property that spontaneously develops in successive generations. The book is of interest for a broad range of scientists working in soft matter physics, chemistry and biology, interested in the role protocells may play on the development of new technologies with medical, environmental and industrial applications as well as scientists interested in the origin of life.

Protocell Architecture

Protocell Architecture
  • Author : Neil Spiller,Rachel Armstrong
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Pages : 144
  • Relase : 2011-04-18
  • ISBN : 9780470748282

Protocell Architecture Book Review:

Throughout the ages architects have attempted to capture the essence of living systems as design inspiration. However, practitioners of the built environment have had to deal with a fundamental split between the artificial urban landscape and nature owing to a technological 'gap' that means architects have been unable to make effective use of biological systems in urban environments. Protocell Architecture is an edition of AD that shows for the first time that contemporary architects can create and construct architectures that are bottom up, synthetically biological, green and have no recourse to shallow bio-mimicry. In the next few decades, synthetic biology is set to have as much, if not more, impact on architecture as cyberspace and the digital. The key to these amazing architectural innovations is the Protocell.

First Steps in the Origin of Life in the Universe

First Steps in the Origin of Life in the Universe
  • Author : Julian Chela-Flores,Tobias Owen,François Raulin
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Pages : 428
  • Relase : 2011-06-28
  • ISBN : 9789401010177

First Steps in the Origin of Life in the Universe Book Review:

Proceedings of the Sixth Trieste Conference on Chemical Evolution, Trieste, Italy, 18-22 September 2000

Chemical Evolution: Structure and Model of the First Cell

Chemical Evolution: Structure and Model of the First Cell
  • Author : Cyril Ponnamperuma,Julian Chela-Flores
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Pages : 383
  • Relase : 1995-07-31
  • ISBN : 9780792335627

Chemical Evolution: Structure and Model of the First Cell Book Review:

This interdisciplinary book consists of the proceedings of the Alexander Ivanovich Oparin lOOth Anniversary Conference, The Third Trieste Conference on Chemical Evolution, which took place at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics from 29 August till 2 September, 1994. A general overview of Oparin's life and work is followed by a review of Alfonso Herera, another pioneer in the studies of the origin of life. The subject matter is organized in ten sections corresponding to various aspects of our current understanding of the subject that was initiated by Oparin. These subjects were covered by fifty three speakers. There were sixty seven participants from a wide geographical distribution; twenty seven countries were represented. We have included the invited lecture of Professor Igor Kulaev, who was unable to be present at the conference for reasons beyond his control. The conference was generously supported by the International Centre for Theoretical Physics, the Commission of the European Communities, the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, the International Centre for Science and High Technology, and UNESCO. Cyril Ponnamperuma, University of Maryland, U.S.A. Julian Chela-Flores, ICTP, Italy, and IDEA, Venezuela. xi FOREWORD As this volume was going to press we learnt of the untimely death of Cyril Ponnamperuma who died of cardiac arrest on December 20, 1994.

Chemical Evolution: Physics of the Origin and Evolution of Life

Chemical Evolution: Physics of the Origin and Evolution of Life
  • Author : Julian Chela-Flores,François Raulin
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Pages : 414
  • Relase : 2012-12-06
  • ISBN : 9789400917125

Chemical Evolution: Physics of the Origin and Evolution of Life Book Review:

Leading researchers in the area of the origin and evolution of life in the universe contributed to Chemical Evolution: Physics of the Origin and Evolution of Life. This volume provides a review of this interdisciplinary field. In 35 chapters many aspects of the origin of life are discussed by 90 authors, with particular emphasis on the early paleontological record: physical, chemical, biological, and informational aspects of life's origin, instrumentation in exobiology and system exploration; the search for habitable planets and extraterrestrial intelligent radio signals. This book contains the proceedings of the Fourth Trieste Conference on Chemical Evolution that took place in September 1995, in which scientists from a wide geographical distribution joined in a Memorial to Cyril Ponnamperuma, who was a pioneer in the field of chemical evolution, the origin of life, and exobiology, and also initiated the Trieste Conferences on Chemical Evolution and the Origin of Life. This fourth Conference was therefore dedicated to his memory. Audience: Graduate students and researchers in the many areas of basic, earth, and life sciences that contribute to the study of chemical evolution and the origin of life.

Prebiotic Chemistry and Life's Origin

Prebiotic Chemistry and Life's Origin
  • Author : Michele Fiore
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Pages : 462
  • Relase : 2022-06-29
  • ISBN : 9781839164804

Prebiotic Chemistry and Life's Origin Book Review:

How life originated from the inanimate mixture of organic and inorganic compounds on the priomordial earth remains one of the great unknowns in science. This origin of life, or abiogenesis, continues to be examined in the context of the conditions and materials required for natural life to have begun on Earth both theoretically and experimentally. This book provides a broad but in-depth analysis of the latest discoveries in prebiotic chemsitry from the microscopic to the macroscopic scale; utilising experimental insight to provide a bottom up approach to plausibly explaining how life arose. With contributions from global leaders, this book is an ideal reference for postgraduate students and a single source of comprehensive information on the latest technical and theoretical advancements for researchers in a variety of fields from astrochemistry and astrophysics to organic chemistry and evolution.

Advances in Artificial Life

Advances in Artificial Life
  • Author : Fernando Almeida e Costa
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Pages : 1218
  • Relase : 2007-09-04
  • ISBN : 9783540749134

Advances in Artificial Life Book Review:

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Artificial Life, ECAL 2007, held in Lisbon, Portugal. The 125 revised full papers cover morphogenesis and development, robotics and autonomous agents, evolutionary computation and theory, cellular automata, models of biological systems and their applications, ant colony and swarm systems, evolution of communication, simulation of social interactions, self-replication, artificial chemistry.

Know Thy Self

Know Thy Self
  • Author : Dr. Ahmed Sayeed
  • Publisher : Nitya Publications
  • Pages : 334
  • Relase : 2021-01-01
  • ISBN : 9789390699698

Know Thy Self Book Review:

Universe, the whole cosmic system of matter and energy of which Earth, and therefore the human race, is a part. Humanity has traveled a long road since societies imagined Earth, the Sun, and the Moon as the main objects of creation, with the rest of the universe being formed almost as an afterthought.

Exobiology: Matter, Energy, and Information in the Origin and Evolution of Life in the Universe

Exobiology: Matter, Energy, and Information in the Origin and Evolution of Life in the Universe
  • Author : Julian Chela-Flores,François Raulin
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Pages : 386
  • Relase : 2012-12-06
  • ISBN : 9789401150569

Exobiology: Matter, Energy, and Information in the Origin and Evolution of Life in the Universe Book Review:

Leading researchers in the area of the origin, evolution and distribution of life in the universe contributed to Exobiology: Matter, Energy, and Information in the Origin and Evolution of Life in the Universe. This volume provides a review of this interdisciplinary field. In 50 chapters many aspects that contribute to exobiology are reviewed by 90 authors. These include: historical perspective of biological evolution; cultural aspects of exobiology, cosmic, chemical and biological evolution, molecular biology, geochronology, biogeochemistry, biogeology, and planetology. Some of the current missions are discussed. Other subjects in the frontier of exobiology are reviewed, such as the search for planets outside the solar system, and the possible manifestation of intelligence in those new potential environments. The SETI research effort is well represented in this general overview of exobiology. This book is the proceedings of the Fifth Trieste Conference on Chemical Evolution that took place in September 1997. The volume is dedicated to the memory of Nobel Laureate Abdus Salam who suggested the initiation of the Trieste conferences on chemical evolution and the origin of life. Audience: Graduate students and researchers in the many areas of basic, earth, and life sciences that contribute to the study of chemical evolution and the origin, evolution and distribution of life in the universe.

Toward a Living Architecture?

Toward a Living Architecture?
  • Author : Christina Cogdell
  • Publisher : U of Minnesota Press
  • Pages : 296
  • Relase : 2019-01-01
  • ISBN : 9781452958071

Toward a Living Architecture? Book Review:

A bold and unprecedented look at a cutting-edge movement in architecture Toward a Living Architecture? is the first book-length critique of the emerging field of generative architecture and its nexus with computation, biology, and complexity. Starting from the assertion that we should take generative architects’ rhetoric of biology and sustainability seriously, Christina Cogdell examines their claims from the standpoints of the sciences they draw on—complex systems theory, evolutionary theory, genetics and epigenetics, and synthetic biology. She reveals significant disconnects while also pointing to approaches and projects with significant potential for further development. Arguing that architectural design today often only masquerades as sustainable, Cogdell demonstrates how the language of some cutting-edge practitioners and educators can mislead students and clients into thinking they are getting something biological when they are not. In a narrative that moves from the computational toward the biological and from current practice to visionary futures, Cogdell uses life-cycle analysis as a baseline for parsing the material, energetic, and pollution differences between different digital and biological design and construction approaches. Contrary to green-tech sustainability advocates, she questions whether quartzite-based silicon technologies and their reliance on rare earth metals as currently designed are sustainable for much longer, challenging common projections of a computationally designed and manufactured future. Moreover, in critiquing contemporary architecture and science from a historical vantage point, she reveals the similarities between eugenic design of the 1930s and the aims of some generative architects and engineering synthetic biologists today. Each chapter addresses a current architectural school or program while also exploring a distinct aspect of the corresponding scientific language, theory, or practice. No other book critiques generative architecture by evaluating its scientific rhetoric and disjunction from actual scientific theory and practice. Based on the author’s years of field research in architecture studios and biological labs, this rare, field-building book does no less than definitively, unsparingly explain the role of the natural sciences within contemporary architecture.

Transformer: The Deep Chemistry of Life and Death

Transformer: The Deep Chemistry of Life and Death
  • Author : Nick Lane
  • Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
  • Pages : 275
  • Relase : 2022-07-12
  • ISBN : 9780393651492

Transformer: The Deep Chemistry of Life and Death Book Review:

From the renowned biochemist and author of The Vital Question, an illuminating inquiry into the Krebs cycle and the origins of life. “Nick Lane’s exploration of the building blocks that underlie life’s big fundamental questions—the origin of life itself, aging, and disease—have shaped my thinking since I first came across his work. He is one of my favorite science writers.”—Bill Gates What brings the Earth to life, and our own lives to an end? For decades, biology has been dominated by the study of genetic information. Information is important, but it is only part of what makes us alive. Our inheritance also includes our living metabolic network, a flame passed from generation to generation, right back to the origin of life. In Transformer, biochemist Nick Lane reveals a scientific renaissance that is hiding in plain sight —how the same simple chemistry gives rise to life and causes our demise. Lane is among the vanguard of researchers asking why the Krebs cycle, the “perfect circle” at the heart of metabolism, remains so elusive more than eighty years after its discovery. Transformer is Lane’s voyage, as a biochemist, to find the inner meaning of the Krebs cycle—and its reverse—why it is still spinning at the heart of life and death today. Lane reveals the beautiful, violent world within our cells, where hydrogen atoms are stripped from the carbon skeletons of food and fed to the ravenous beast of oxygen. Yet this same cycle, spinning in reverse, also created the chemical building blocks that enabled the emergence of life on our planet. Now it does both. How can the same pathway create and destroy? What might our study of the Krebs cycle teach us about the mysteries of aging and the hardest problem of all, consciousness? Transformer unites the story of our planet with the story of our cells—what makes us the way we are, and how it connects us to the origin of life. Enlivened by Lane’s talent for distilling and humanizing complex research, Transformer offers an essential read for anyone fascinated by biology’s great mysteries. Life is at root a chemical phenomenon: this is its deep logic.

Smart Nanovesicles for Drug Targeting and Delivery

Smart Nanovesicles for Drug Targeting and Delivery
  • Author : Maria Carafa,Carlotta Marianecci
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Pages : 198
  • Relase : 2019-05-20
  • ISBN : 9783038978947

Smart Nanovesicles for Drug Targeting and Delivery Book Review:

We can use the short text on the SI page for the description, or you make slight modifications on it. The description/summary is only for promotion (flyer, distribution channels), and will not be included in the book You can use the short text on the SI page for the description Nanovesicles are highly-promising systems for the delivery and/or targeting of drugs, biomolecules and contrast agents. Despite the fact that initial studies in this area were performed on phospholipid vesicles, there is an ever-increasing interest in the use of other molecules to obtain smart vesicular carriers focusing on strategies for targeted delivery. These systems can be obtained using newly synthesized smart molecules, or by intelligent design of opportune carriers to achieve specific delivery to the site of action. The drug/contrast agent-containing vesicles need to be directed to precise locations within the body to obtain desired magnitude and duration of the therapeutic or diagnostic effect. This spatial control in the delivery might open new avenues to modulate drug activity while avoiding side-effects and to optimize contrast agent properties while avoiding a broad distribution in the organism. However, delivering and targeting active substances into specific tissues and cells is still a challenge in designing novel therapeutic approaches against untreatable disorders, such as tumors and degenerative diseases.

Inter-identities' in Life, Mind, and Society

Inter-identities' in Life, Mind, and Society
  • Author : Arantza Etxeberria,Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo,Luisa Damiano
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Pages :
  • Relase : 2021-08-18
  • ISBN : 9782889711925

Inter-identities' in Life, Mind, and Society Book Review:

Synthetic Biology

Synthetic Biology
  • Author : Markus Schmidt
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Pages : 266
  • Relase : 2012-05-14
  • ISBN : 9783527659272

Synthetic Biology Book Review:

This is the only book to focus on industrial and environmental applications of synthetic biology, covering 17 of the most promising uses in the areas of biofuel, bioremediation and biomaterials. The contributions are written by experts from academia, non-profit organizations and industry, outlining not only the scientific basics but also the economic, environmental and ethical impact of the new technologies. This makes it not only suitable as supplementary material for students but also the perfect companion for policy makers and funding agencies, if they are to make informed decisions about synthetic biology. Largely coordinated by Markus Schmidt, a policy adviser, and the only European to testify in front of the bioethics commission of the Obama administration.

The Patentability of Synthetic Biology Inventions

The Patentability of Synthetic Biology Inventions
  • Author : Ilaria de Lisa
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Pages : 323
  • Relase : 2020-09-29
  • ISBN : 9783030512064

The Patentability of Synthetic Biology Inventions Book Review:

This book addresses Synthetic Biology (SynBio), a new and promising biotechnology that has attracted much interest from both a scientific and a policy perspective. Yet, questions concerning the patentability of SynBio inventions have not been examined in detail so far; as a result, it remains unclear whether these inventions are patentable on the basis of current norms and case law. The book addresses this question, focusing especially on the subject matter’s eligibility and moral criteria. It provides an overview of the legislation and decisions applicable to SynBio patents and examines this new technology in view of the ongoing debate over the patentability of biotechnologies in general. The legal analysis is complemented by the practical examination of several patent applications submitted to the European and US patent offices (EPO and USPTO), and by an assessment of the patent issues that are likely to be raised by future SynBio developments.

BIOMAT 2007

BIOMAT 2007
  • Author : Rubem Mondaini
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Pages : 396
  • Relase : 2008
  • ISBN : 9789812812339

BIOMAT 2007 Book Review:

The present volume contains the contributions of the keynote speakers of the BIOMAT 2007 Symposium as well as selected contributed papers in the areas of mathematical biology, biological physics, biophysics and bioinformatics. It contains new results on some aspects of LotkaOCoVolterra equations, the proposal of using differential geometry to model neurosurgical tools, recent data on epidemiological modeling, pattern recognition and comprehensive reviews on the structure of proteins, the folding problem and the influence of Allee effects on population dynamics.This book contains some original results on the growth of gliomas: the role played by membrane channels on activity-dependent modulation of spike transmission; a proposal for reconsidering the concept of gene and the understanding of the mechanisms responsible for gene expression; a differential geometric approach to the influence of the drying effect on the dynamics of pods of Leguminosae; the comparison of agent-based models with the approach of differential equations on the study of selection mechanisms in germinal centers; and the synchronization phenomenon for protocell systems driven by linear kinetic equations.

Artificial Life and Evolutionary Computation

Artificial Life and Evolutionary Computation
  • Author : Marcello Pelillo,Irene Poli,Andrea Roli,Roberto Serra,Debora Slanzi,Marco Villani
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Pages : 323
  • Relase : 2018-04-02
  • ISBN : 9783319786582

Artificial Life and Evolutionary Computation Book Review:

This book constitutes the revised selected papers of the 12th Italian Workshop on Advances in Artificial Life, Evolutionary Computation, WIVACE 2017, held in Venice, Italy, in September 2017.The 23 full papers presented were thoroughly reviewed and selected from 33 submissions. They cover the following topics: physical-chemical phenomena; biological systems; economy and society; complexity; optimization.

Advances in Artificial Life and Evolutionary Computation

Advances in Artificial Life and Evolutionary Computation
  • Author : Clara Pizzuti,Giandomenico Spezzano
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Pages : 213
  • Relase : 2014-11-03
  • ISBN : 9783319127453

Advances in Artificial Life and Evolutionary Computation Book Review:

This book constitutes the revised selected papers of the 9th Italian Workshop on Advances in Artificial Life and Evolutionary Computation held in Vietri sul Mare, Italy, in May 2014, in conjunction with the 24th Italian Workshop on Neural Networks, WIRN 2014. The 16 papers presented have been thoroughly reviewed and selected from 40 submissions. They cover the following topics: artificial neural networks; fuzzy inference systems; rough set; approximate reasoning; and optimization methods such as evolutionary computation, swarm intelligence, particle swarm optimization.

Clinging to a Myth

Clinging to a Myth
  • Author : T. H. Janabi
  • Publisher : Alhoda UK
  • Pages : 166
  • Relase : 1990
  • ISBN : 0892591099

Clinging to a Myth Book Review: