Neuromania

Neuromania
  • Author : Paolo Legrenzi,Carlo Umilta
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Pages : 133
  • Relase : 2011-05-12
  • ISBN : 9780199591343

Neuromania Book Review:

Neuroeconomics, neuromarketing, neuroaesthetics, and neurotheology are just a few of the novel disciplines that have been inspired by a combination of ancient knowledge along with recent discoveries about how the human brain works.This fascinating and thought provoking new book critically questions our love affair with brain imaging.

Aping Mankind

Aping Mankind
  • Author : Raymond Tallis
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Pages : 388
  • Relase : 2016-04-14
  • ISBN : 9781317234630

Aping Mankind Book Review:

Neuroscience has made astounding progress in the understanding of the brain. What should we make of its claims to go beyond the brain and explain consciousness, behaviour and culture? Where should we draw the line? In this brilliant critique Raymond Tallis dismantles "Neuromania", arising out of the idea that we are reducible to our brains and "Darwinitis" according to which, since the brain is an evolved organ, we are entirely explicable within an evolutionary framework. With precision and acuity he argues that the belief that human beings can be understood in biological terms is a serious obstacle to clear thinking about what we are and what we might become. Neuromania and Darwinitis deny human uniqueness, minimise the differences between us and our nearest animal kin and offer a grotesquely simplified account of humanity. We are, argues Tallis, infinitely more interesting and complex than we appear in the mirror of biology. Combative, fearless and thought-provoking, Aping Mankind is an important book and one that scientists, cultural commentators and policy-makers cannot ignore. This Routledge Classics edition includes a new preface by the Author.

The Skeptical Professional’s Guide to Psychiatry

The Skeptical Professional’s Guide to Psychiatry
  • Author : Charles E. Dean
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Pages : 338
  • Relase : 2020-11-23
  • ISBN : 9781000245622

The Skeptical Professional’s Guide to Psychiatry Book Review:

This text critically examines the shortcomings of psychiatry; the flawed development of the diagnostic system, including the DSM-5; and the failure to advance the effectiveness of antipsychotics and antidepressants. Starting with an overview of the evolution of psychiatry, Dean explores the creation, use, and misuse of medications, a process largely driven by drug companies. Other chapters describe the benefits and risks of medications, the problems associated with rational prescribing, and the embrace of so-called novel therapies including hallucinogenic drugs and opioids. Chapters end with a set of clinical notes that provide specific recommendations to clinicians, families, patients, and other providers, emphasizing the risks and benefits of treatment with medications but also stressing alternative approaches. This book will challenge clinicians to think critically about the DSM-5 and the current systems of diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses in the hopes of ultimately improving the lives of people with mental illnesses.

Elusive Brain

Elusive Brain
  • Author : Jason Tougaw
  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Pages : 289
  • Relase : 2018-04-24
  • ISBN : 9780300235609

Elusive Brain Book Review:

Featuring a foreword by renowned neuroscientist Joseph E. LeDoux, The Elusive Brain is an illuminating, comprehensive survey of contemporary literature’s engagement with neuroscience. This fascinating book explores how literature interacts with neuroscience to provide a better understanding of the brain’s relationship to the self. Jason Tougaw surveys the work of contemporary writers—including Oliver Sacks, Temple Grandin, Richard Powers, Siri Hustvedt, and Tito Rajarshi Mukhopadhyay—analyzing the way they experiment with literary forms to frame new views of the immaterial experiences that compose a self. He argues that their work offers a necessary counterbalance to a wider cultural neuromania that seeks out purely neural explanations for human behaviors as varied as reading, economics, empathy, and racism. Building on recent scholarship, Tougaw’s evenhanded account will be an original contribution to the growing field of neuroscience and literature.

I am Not a Brain

I am Not a Brain
  • Author : Markus Gabriel
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Pages : 240
  • Relase : 2017-09-18
  • ISBN : 9781509514786

I am Not a Brain Book Review:

Many consider the nature of human consciousness to be one of the last great unsolved mysteries. Why should the light turn on, so to speak, in human beings at all? And how is the electrical storm of neurons under our skull connected with our consciousness? Is the self only our brain's user interface, a kind of stage on which a show is performed that we cannot freely direct? In this book, philosopher Markus Gabriel challenges an increasing trend in the sciences towards neurocentrism, a notion which rests on the assumption that the self is identical to the brain. Gabriel raises serious doubts as to whether we can know ourselves in this way. In a sharp critique of this approach, he presents a new defense of the free will and provides a timely introduction to philosophical thought about the self – all with verve, humor, and surprising insights. Gabriel criticizes the scientific image of the world and takes us on an eclectic journey of self-reflection by way of such concepts as self, consciousness, and freedom, with the aid of Kant, Schopenhauer, and Nagel but also Dr. Who, The Walking Dead, and Fargo.

A Spiritual Hypothesis

A Spiritual Hypothesis
  • Author : Daniel Punzak
  • Publisher : AuthorHouse
  • Pages : 966
  • Relase : 2017-04-06
  • ISBN : 9781524652364

A Spiritual Hypothesis Book Review:

Traditional Western religion explains that each human has a spiritual aspect called a soul. However, several passages in the Bible allude to humans having a soul and a spirit. Dan has explored this idea and found numerous modern psychological findings that support this notion. Shamanism and some Eastern religious concepts also support this idea. Diverse concepts such as creativity and mental illness can be explained by the idea that two spiritual forms are in each human.

Finding Jesus in the Storm

Finding Jesus in the Storm
  • Author : John Swinton
  • Publisher : SCM Press
  • Pages : 255
  • Relase : 2020-09-30
  • ISBN : 9780334059745

Finding Jesus in the Storm Book Review:

Drawing from theological reflection on the lives of 30 Christians with severe mental health challenges, (depression, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia), leading disability theologian John Swinton contends that mental health problems require theological understanding and not just medical intervention. In fact, he argues, it is not necessary to care effectively for Christians experiencing severe mental illness to grasp the theological dimensions of such experiences. Therapy and pharmacology may be helpful, but on their own they are deeply inadequate. By listening carefully to the lived experiences of people with severe mental health problems, FInding Jesus in the Storm will open up new understandings and perspectives that challenge current assumptions and draws out fresh perspectives for care, healing, recovery and community. It is a book about people instead of symptoms, description instead of diagnosis, and lifegiving hope for everyone in the midst of the storm.

What's with Free Will?

What's with Free Will?
  • Author : Philip Clayton,James W. Walters
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Pages : 222
  • Relase : 2020-03-10
  • ISBN : 9781532681622

What's with Free Will? Book Review:

Are humans free, or are we determined by our genes and the world around us? The question of freedom is not only one of philosophy’s greatest conundrums, but also one of the most fundamental questions of human existence. It’s particularly pressing in societies like ours, where our core institutions of law, ethics, and religion are built around the belief in individual freedom. Can one still affirm human freedom in an age of science? And if free will doesn’t exist, does it make sense to act as though it does? These are the issues that are presented, probed, and debated in the following chapters. A dozen experts―specialists in medicine, psychology, ethics, theology, and philosophy—grapple with the multiple and often profound challenges presented by today’s brain science. After examining the arguments against traditional notions of free will, several of the authors champion the idea of a chastened but robust free will for today, one that allows us still to affirm the value of first-person experience.

Casting Light on the Dark Side of Brain Imaging

Casting Light on the Dark Side of Brain Imaging
  • Author : Amir Raz,Robert T. Thibault
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Pages : 204
  • Relase : 2019-02-15
  • ISBN : 9780128163092

Casting Light on the Dark Side of Brain Imaging Book Review:

Most people find colorful brain scans highly compelling—and yet, many experts don’t. This discrepancy begs the question: What can we learn from neuroimaging? Is brain information useful in fields such as psychiatry, law, or education? How do neuroscientists create brain activation maps and why do we admire them? Casting Light on The Dark Side of Brain Imaging tackles these questions through a critical and constructive lens—separating fruitful science from misleading neuro-babble. In a breezy writing style accessible to a wide readership, experts from across the brain sciences offer their uncensored thoughts to help advance brain research and debunk the craze for reductionist, headline-grabbing neuroscience. This collection of short, enlightening essays is suitable for anyone interested in brain science, from students to professionals. Together, we take a hard look at the science behind brain imaging and outline why this technique remains promising despite its seldom-discussed shortcomings. Challenges the tendency toward neuro-reductionism Deconstructs hype through a critical yet constructive lens Unveils the nature of brain imaging data Explores emerging brain technologies and future directions Features a non-technical and accessible writing style

Dialogues Between Artistic Research and Science and Technology Studies

Dialogues Between Artistic Research and Science and Technology Studies
  • Author : Henk Borgdorff,Peter Peters,Trevor Pinch
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Pages : 206
  • Relase : 2019-11-18
  • ISBN : 9780429798306

Dialogues Between Artistic Research and Science and Technology Studies Book Review:

This edited volume maps dialogues between science and technology studies research on the arts and the emerging field of artistic research. The main themes in the book are an advanced understanding of discursivity and reasoning in arts-based research, the methodological relevance of material practices and things, and innovative ways of connecting, staging, and publishing research in art and academia. This book touches on topics including studies of artistic practices; reflexive practitioners at the boundaries between the arts, science, and technology; non-propositional forms of reasoning; unconventional (arts-based) research methods and enhanced modes of presentation and publication.

Consciousness and Loneliness: Theoria and Praxis

Consciousness and Loneliness: Theoria and Praxis
  • Author : Ben Mijuskovic
  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Pages : 517
  • Relase : 2018-11-26
  • ISBN : 9789004385979

Consciousness and Loneliness: Theoria and Praxis Book Review:

Current research claims loneliness is passively caused by external conditions: environmental, cultural, situational, and even chemical imbalances in the brain and hence avoidable. In this book, the author argues that loneliness is actively constituted by acts of reflexive self-consciousness (Kant) and transcendent intentionality (Husserl) and therefore unavoidable.

Affective Performance and Cognitive Science

Affective Performance and Cognitive Science
  • Author : Nicola Shaughnessy
  • Publisher : A&C Black
  • Pages : 304
  • Relase : 2013-12-05
  • ISBN : 9781408183694

Affective Performance and Cognitive Science Book Review:

This book explores new developments in the dialogues between science and theatre and offers an introduction to a fast-expanding area of research and practice.The cognitive revolution in the humanities is creating new insights into the audience experience, performance processes and training. Scientists are collaborating with artists to investigate how our brains and bodies engage with performance to create new understanding of perception, emotion, imagination and empathy. Divided into four parts, each introduced by an expert editorial from leading researchers in the field, this edited volume offers readers an understanding of some of the main areas of collaboration and research: 1. Dances with Science 2. Touching Texts and Embodied Performance 3. The Multimodal Actor 4. Affecting Audiences Throughout its history theatre has provided exciting and accessible stagings of science, while contemporary practitioners are increasingly working with scientific and medical material. As Honour Bayes reported in the Guardian in 2011, the relationships between theatre, science and performance are 'exciting, explosive and unexpected'. Affective Performance and Cognitive Science charts new directions in the relations between disciplines, exploring how science and theatre can impact upon each other with reference to training, drama texts, performance and spectatorship. The book assesses the current state of play in this interdisciplinary field, facilitating cross disciplinary exchange and preparing the way for future studies.

Psychiatry Declining

Psychiatry Declining
  • Author : Simon A. Brooks
  • Publisher : FriesenPress
  • Pages :
  • Relase :
  • ISBN : 9781525566219

Psychiatry Declining Book Review:

People suffering from mental illnesses are among the most vulnerable of our society’s unfortunates. They deserve our support and care. While the clinical care they receive from front-line psychiatrists and other clinicians is generally good in the Western world, better understanding of mental illness is desperately needed. Every year or so sees new diagnoses added to the list of mental disorders, each with cohorts of new patients. Every year or so sees new estimates—ever swelling—of the number of those suffering from mental illness. But does this demonstrate progress? The academics and others who control the psychiatric profession have opted for what they consider an objective approach to comprehending mental illness. Tragically, they have adopted the mantra “Mental Illness is Brain Disease” and have attempted to work with this approach exclusively. Any interest in patients as individual human beings has been put aside; without that connection, we’ve achieved almost no progress in well over a century. According to Dr. Simon A. Brooks, any understanding of what constitutes a mental illness seems to be disappearing. The boundary between “normal” and “pathological” in human behaviour is increasingly blurred. Almost anything can be labelled as a disorder, and psychiatry has no clear idea of which conditions it should be addressing. Even grief can now be stigmatised as depression. Meanwhile the public is sold myths about psychiatry resting upon a secure foundation of neuroscience and that breakthroughs are just around the corner. After a century, how can they still be just around the corner? In this disturbing book, Dr. Brooks analyses the nature and causes of this dangerous divide between practise and reality, using evidence to show why our mental health crisis must be resolved.

Illness and Literature in the Low Countries

Illness and Literature in the Low Countries
  • Author : Jaap Grave,Rick Honings,Bettina Noak
  • Publisher : Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
  • Pages : 278
  • Relase : 2015-12-09
  • ISBN : 9783847005209

Illness and Literature in the Low Countries Book Review:

From as early as classical antiquity there has been an interplay between literature and medicine. The first book of Homer's Ilias recounts the plague that swept the camp of the Achaeans. While this instance concerns a full-length book, it is the aphorism that is of greater importance as a literary technique for the dissemination of medical knowledge, from the "Corpus Hippocraticum" of antiquity until the "Aphorismi de cognoscendis et curandis morbis" (1715) by Herman Boerhaave. In addition, the subject of illness and its impact on mankind was explored by great numbers of poetic scholars and scholarly poets.This collection offers fourteen articles which all highlight the relation between disease and literature. It entails a first-ever overview of Dutch-language research in this field, whereby the literary and cultural functions of medical knowledge and the poetics of medical and literary writing are in the focus.

Mindful Aesthetics

Mindful Aesthetics
  • Author : Chris Danta,Helen Groth
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • Pages : 224
  • Relase : 2013-11-07
  • ISBN : 9781441162526

Mindful Aesthetics Book Review:

In the last few decades, literary critics have increasingly drawn insights from cognitive neuroscience to deepen and clarify our understanding of literary representations of mind. This cognitive turn has been equally generative and contentious. While cognitive literary studies has reinforced how central the concept of mind is to aesthetic practice from the classical period to the present, critics have questioned its literalism and selective borrowing of scientific authority. Mindful Aesthetics presents both these perspectives as part of a broader consideration of the ongoing and vital importance of shifting concepts of mind to both literary and critical practice. This collection contributes to the forging of a 'new interdisciplinarity,' to paraphrase Alan Richardson's recent preface to the Neural Sublime, that is more concerned with addressing how, rather than why, we should navigate the increasingly narrow gap between the humanities and the sciences.

The Master and His Emissary

The Master and His Emissary
  • Author : Iain McGilchrist
  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Pages : 615
  • Relase : 2019-03-26
  • ISBN : 9780300245929

The Master and His Emissary Book Review:

A new edition of the bestselling classic – published with a special introduction to mark its 10th anniversary This pioneering account sets out to understand the structure of the human brain – the place where mind meets matter. Until recently, the left hemisphere of our brain has been seen as the ‘rational’ side, the superior partner to the right. But is this distinction true? Drawing on a vast body of experimental research, Iain McGilchrist argues while our left brain makes for a wonderful servant, it is a very poor master. As he shows, it is the right side which is the more reliable and insightful. Without it, our world would be mechanistic – stripped of depth, colour and value.

Brainwashed

Brainwashed
  • Author : Sally Satel,Scott O. Lilienfeld
  • Publisher : Basic Books
  • Pages : 256
  • Relase : 2013-05-16
  • ISBN : 9780465037865

Brainwashed Book Review:

This provocative account of our obsession with neuroscience brilliantly illuminates what contemporary neuroscience and brain imaging can and cannot tell us about ourselves, providing a much-needed reminder about the many factors that make us who we are. What can't neuroscience tell us about ourselves? Since fMRI -- functional magnetic resonance imaging -- was introduced in the early 1990s, brain scans have been used to help politicians understand and manipulate voters, determine guilt in court cases, and make sense of everything from musical aptitude to romantic love. br In Brainwashed, psychiatrist and AEI scholar Sally Satel and psychologist Scott O. Lilienfeld reveal how many of the real-world applications of human neuroscience gloss over its limitations and intricacies, at times obscuring -- rather than clarifying -- the myriad factors that shape our behavior and identities. Brain scans, Satel and Lilienfeld show, are useful but often ambiguous representations of a highly complex system. Each region of the brain participates in a host of experiences and interacts with other regions, so seeing one area light up on an fMRI in response to a stimulus doesn't automatically indicate a particular sensation or capture the higher cognitive functions that come from those interactions. The narrow focus on the brain's physical processes also assumes that our subjective experiences can be explained away by biology alone. As Satel and Lilienfeld explain, this "neurocentric" view of the mind risks undermining our most deeply held ideas about selfhood, free will, and personal responsibility, putting us at risk of making harmful mistakes, whether in the courtroom, interrogation room, or addiction treatment clinic. Although brain scans and other neurotechnologies have provided groundbreaking insights into the workings of the human brain, Brainwashed shows readers that the increasingly fashionable idea that they are the most important means of answering the enduring mysteries of psychology is misguided -- and potentially dangerous.

A Skeptic's Guide to the Mind

A Skeptic's Guide to the Mind
  • Author : Robert A. Burton, M.D.
  • Publisher : St. Martin's Press
  • Pages : 272
  • Relase : 2013-04-23
  • ISBN : 9781250028402

A Skeptic's Guide to the Mind Book Review:

What if our soundest, most reasonable judgments are beyond our control? Despite 2500 years of contemplation by the world's greatest minds and the more recent phenomenal advances in basic neuroscience, neither neuroscientists nor philosophers have a decent understanding of what the mind is or how it works. The gap between what the brain does and the mind experiences remains uncharted territory. Nevertheless, with powerful new tools such as the fMRI scan, neuroscience has become the de facto mode of explanation of behavior. Neuroscientists tell us why we prefer Coke to Pepsi, and the media trumpets headlines such as "Possible site of free will found in brain." Or: "Bad behavior down to genes, not poor parenting." Robert Burton believes that while some neuroscience observations are real advances, others are overreaching, unwarranted, wrong-headed, self-serving, or just plain ridiculous, and often with the potential for catastrophic personal and social consequences. In A Skeptic's Guide to the Mind, he brings together clinical observations, practical thought experiments, personal anecdotes, and cutting-edge neuroscience to decipher what neuroscience can tell us – and where it falls woefully short. At the same time, he offers a new vision of how to think about what the mind might be and how it works. A Skeptic's Guide to the Mind is a critical, startling, and expansive journey into the mysteries of the brain and what makes us human.

The Imprinted Brain

The Imprinted Brain
  • Author : Christopher Badcock
  • Publisher : Jessica Kingsley Publishers
  • Pages : 240
  • Relase : 2009-05-15
  • ISBN : 1846429501

The Imprinted Brain Book Review:

The Imprinted Brain sets out a radical new theory of the mind and mental illness based on the recent discovery of genomic imprinting. Imprinted genes are those from one parent that, in that parent's interest, are expressed in an offspring rather than the diametrically opposed genes from the other parent. For example, a higher birth weight may represent the dominance of the father's genes in leading to a healthy child, whereas a lower birth weight is beneficial to the mother's immediate wellbeing, and the imprint of the mother's genes will result in a smaller baby. According to this view, a win for the father's genes may result in autism, whereas one for the mother's may result in psychosis. A state of equilibrium - normality - is the most likely outcome, with a no-win situation of balanced expression. Imprinted genes typically produce symptoms that are opposites of each other, and the author uses psychiatric case material to show how many of the symptoms of psychosis can be shown to be the mental mirror-images of those of autism. Combining psychiatry with insights from modern genetics and cognitive science, Christopher Badcock explains the fascinating imprinted brain theory to the reader in a thorough but accessible way. This new theory casts some intriguing new light on other topics as diverse as the nature of genius, the appeal of detective fiction, and the successes - and failures - of psychoanalysis. This thought-provoking book is a must-read for anyone with an interest in autism, psychiatry, cognitive science or psychology in general.

Aping Mankind

Aping Mankind
  • Author : Raymond Tallis
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Pages : 385
  • Relase : 2016-04-14
  • ISBN : 9781317234623

Aping Mankind Book Review:

Neuroscience has made astounding progress in the understanding of the brain. What should we make of its claims to go beyond the brain and explain consciousness, behaviour and culture? Where should we draw the line? In this brilliant critique Raymond Tallis dismantles "Neuromania", arising out of the idea that we are reducible to our brains and "Darwinitis" according to which, since the brain is an evolved organ, we are entirely explicable within an evolutionary framework. With precision and acuity he argues that the belief that human beings can be understood in biological terms is a serious obstacle to clear thinking about what we are and what we might become. Neuromania and Darwinitis deny human uniqueness, minimise the differences between us and our nearest animal kin and offer a grotesquely simplified account of humanity. We are, argues Tallis, infinitely more interesting and complex than we appear in the mirror of biology. Combative, fearless and thought-provoking, Aping Mankind is an important book and one that scientists, cultural commentators and policy-makers cannot ignore. This Routledge Classics edition includes a new preface by the Author.