Integrated Watershed Management in Rainfed Agriculture

Integrated Watershed Management in Rainfed Agriculture
  • Author : Suhas P. Wani,Johan Rockstrom,Kanwar Lal Sahrawat
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Pages : 498
  • Relase : 2011-09-16
  • ISBN : 9780415882774

Integrated Watershed Management in Rainfed Agriculture Book Review:

This book provides a comprehensive presentation of the realization of improved rainfed agriculture yield in semi-arid and dry land areas. The incentive of watershed programs is to increase the return on investment with over 20% for 65% of the projects that are currently underperforming. Besides techniques to improve the livelihood of the many small-scale farmers in developing countries, it includes examples and case studies for further support. The methods discussed have recently shown to be successful and economically remunerative in India and in various African countries. Intended for professionals (investors, policy makers), researchers and (post) graduate students working on dry land and sustainable agriculture and water and natural resources management. Suited for courses in dry land agriculture, soil and water management and watershed development.

Integrated Watershed Management in Rainfed Agriculture

Integrated Watershed Management in Rainfed Agriculture
  • Author : Suraj Nagar
  • Publisher :
  • Pages : 298
  • Relase : 2015-03-01
  • ISBN : 1681170159

Integrated Watershed Management in Rainfed Agriculture Book Review:

A watershed is simply the geographic area through which water ows across the land and drains into a common body of water, whether a stream, river, lake, or ocean. The watershed boundary will more or less follow the highest ridgeline around the stream channels and meet at the bottom or lowest point of the land where water ows out of the watershed, the mouth of the waterway. Watersheds are important because the surface water features and stormwater runo- within a watershed ultimately drain to other bodies of water. It is essential to consider these downstream impacts when developing and implementing water quality protection and restoration actions. Management of the environment has been primarily focused on specic issues such as air, land, and water.

Rainfed Agriculture and Watershed Management

Rainfed Agriculture and Watershed Management
  • Author : R K Nanwal
  • Publisher : New India Publishing Agency
  • Pages : 14
  • Relase : 2019-07-05
  • ISBN : 9789387973930

Rainfed Agriculture and Watershed Management Book Review:

It is supported by suitable examples and diagrams. The broad chapters included in the book are: Rainfed agriculture: Introduction, types, characteristics, distribution and importance; History of rainfed agriculture & watershed in India; Problems and prospects of rainfed agriculture in India; Soil and climatic conditions prevalent in rainfed areas; Drought: types, effect of water deficit on physio- morphological characteristics of the plants, Mechanism of crop adaptation under moisture deficit condition; Water harvesting: importance, its techniques, Efficient utilization of water through soil and crop management practices, Study of mulches and antitranspirants; Management of crops in rainfed areas; Contingent crop planning for aberrant weather conditions; Concept, objective, principles and components of watershed management, factors affecting watershed management; Integrated watershed development. The need for comprehensive information on rainfed farming relevant to undergraduate and postgraduate students of agriculture has been felt for quite some time. The advanced, diverse and need-based topics have been together for a systematic and comprehensive reading by the students and faculty in agriculture. The materials on subject matter is set forth in such a manner and order as to enable them to better understand and follow to a reasonable degree of uniformity and their approach to the problems of rainfed agriculture.

Rainfed Agriculture

Rainfed Agriculture
  • Author : Suhas Pralhad Wani,Johan Rockström,Theib Yousef Oweis
  • Publisher : CABI
  • Pages : 326
  • Relase : 2009-01-01
  • ISBN : 9781845933890

Rainfed Agriculture Book Review:

This book, which contains 14 chapters, covers all aspects of rainfed agriculture, starting with its potential, current status, rainwater harvesting and supplementary irrigation, to policies, approaches, institutions for upscaling, and impacts of integrated water management programmes in rainfed areas.

Water Productivity in Rainfed Agriculture

Water Productivity in Rainfed Agriculture
  • Author : Hodson Makurira
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Pages : 250
  • Relase : 2010-12-10
  • ISBN : 9780203093429

Water Productivity in Rainfed Agriculture Book Review:

The challenge of water scarcity as a result of insufficient seasonal rainfall and dry spell occurrences during cropping seasons is compounded by inefficient agricultural practices by smallholder farmers where insignificant soil and water conservation efforts are applied. The hypothesis of this research is that many of the past research efforts have taken a fragmented approach to deal with the challenges facing subsistence farmers in rainfed systems. The research has been conducted in the semi-arid Makanya catchment of northern Tanzania and has successfully applied different analytical techniques to better understand soil and water interactions at field scale. It has been demonstrated that there is indeed scope to increase crop water productivity provided the local farmers adopt more efficient cultivation techniques. Substantial yield increases occur as a result of diverting runoff and these further improve when other techniques such as ripping, application of manure and cover cropping are introduced. This confirms that no single solution exists to solve the problem of low yields in rainfed farming systems. However, even with these promising results, the research has shown that there is room to further improve the efficiency of crop water use through improvement in research approaches and exploration of better techniques.

Improved Agricultural Water Management for Africa’s Drylands

Improved Agricultural Water Management for Africa’s Drylands
  • Author : Christopher Ward
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Pages : 154
  • Relase : 2016-08-23
  • ISBN : 9781464808333

Improved Agricultural Water Management for Africa’s Drylands Book Review:

D ryland regions in Sub-Saharan Africa are home to one-half of the region’s population and three-quarters of its poor. Poor both in natural resources and in assets and income, the inhabitants of drylands are highly vulnerable to droughts and other shocks. Despite a long history of interventions by governments, development agencies, and civil society organizations, there have been no sustained large-scale successes toward improving the resilience of drylands dwellers. Improved Agricultural Water Management for Africa’s Drylands describes the extent to which agricultural water management interventions in dryland regions of Sub-Saharan Africa can enhance the resilience and improve the well-being of the people living in those regions, proposes what can realistically be done to promote improved agricultural water management, and sets out how stakeholders can make those improvements. After reviewing the current status of irrigation and agricultural water management in the drylands, the authors discuss technical, economic, and institutional challenges to expanding irrigation. A model developed at the International Food Policy Research Institute is used to project the potential for irrigation development in the Sahel Region and the Horn of Africa. The modeling results show that irrigation development in the drylands can reduce vulnerability and improve the resilience of hundreds of thousands of farming households, but rainfed agriculture will continue to dominate for the foreseeable future. Fortunately, many soil and water conservation practices that can improve the productivity and ensure the sustainability of rainfed cropping systems are available. The purpose of this book is to demonstrate the potentially highly benefi cial role of water and water management in drylands agriculture in association with agronomic improvements, market growth, and infrastructure development, and to assess the technological and socioeconomic conditions and institutional policy frameworks that can remove barriers to adoption and allow wide-scale take-up of improved agricultural water management in the dryland regions of Sub-Saharan Africa.

Rainfed Agriculture

Rainfed Agriculture
  • Author : Suhas Pralhad Wani,Johan Rockström,Theib Yousef Oweis
  • Publisher : CABI
  • Pages : 310
  • Relase : 2009-01-01
  • ISBN : 9781845934385

Rainfed Agriculture Book Review:

Rainfed agriculture is generally overlooked by development investors, researchers and policy makers due to limited confidence in its ability to increase agricultural production and development. However, research undertaken by a team of leading scientists from global organizations demonstrates its potential in achieving food security, improving livelihoods and most importantly addressing issues of equity and poverty reduction in dryland areas - the hot spots of poverty. On the basis of case studies from varied agricultural and ecological regions in Asia and Africa, chapters discuss the need for adopting new paradigms between rainfed and irrigated agriculture, catchment/micro-watershed management approaches, upgrades in science-based development and more investments in rainfed areas. Yield gaps for major rainfed crops are analysed globally and possible ways and means including technological, social, and institutional options to bridge the yield gaps are discussed in detail. Covering areas such as rainwater harvesting and its efficient use, the rehabilitation of degraded land and assessment methods for social, environmental and economic impacts, this book will be necessary for both academics and policy makers working in water management, agriculture and sustainable development.

The State of the World's Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture

The State of the World's Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture
  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Pages : 320
  • Relase : 2013-06-17
  • ISBN : 9781136498879

The State of the World's Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture Book Review:

The State of the World's Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture is FAO's first flagship publication on the global status of land and water resources. It is an 'advocacy' report, to be published every three to five years, and targeted at senior level decision makers in agriculture as well as in other sectors. SOLAW is aimed at sensitizing its target audience on the status of land resources at global and regional levels and FAO's viewpoint on appropriate recommendations for policy formulation. SOLAW focuses on these key dimensions of analysis: (i) quantity, quality of land and water resources, (ii) the rate of use and sustainable management of these resources in the context of relevant socio-economic driving factors and concerns, including food security and poverty, and climate change. This is the first time that a global, baseline status report on land and water resources has been made. It is based on several global spatial databases (e.g. land suitability for agriculture, land use and management, land and water degradation and depletion) for which FAO is the world-recognized data source. Topical and emerging issues on land and water are dealt with in an integrated rather than sectoral manner. The implications of the status and trends are used to advocate remedial interventions which are tailored to major farming systems within different geographic regions.

Water Productivity in Agriculture

Water Productivity in Agriculture
  • Author : J. W. Kijne,Randolph Barker,D. J. Molden
  • Publisher : CABI
  • Pages : 332
  • Relase : 2003
  • ISBN : 9781845933395

Water Productivity in Agriculture Book Review:

First title in a major new seriesAddresses improving water productivity to relieve problems of scarcity and competition to provide for food and environmental securityDraws from scientists having a multitude of disciplines to approach this important problemIn a large number of developing countries, policy makers and researchers are increasingly aware of the conflicting demands on water, and look at agriculture to be more effective in its use of water. Focusing on both irrigated and rain-fed agriculture, this book gives a state of the art review of the limits and opportunities for improving water productivity in crop production. It demonstrates how efficiency of water use can be enhanced to maximize yields. The book represents the first in a new series of volumes resulting from the Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture, a research program conducted by the CGIAR's Future Harvest Centres, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and partners worldwide. It will be of significant interest to those working in areas of soil and crop science, water management, irrigation, and development studies.

Reengaging in Agricultural Water Management

Reengaging in Agricultural Water Management
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Pages : 242
  • Relase : 2006-01-01
  • ISBN : 9780821364994

Reengaging in Agricultural Water Management Book Review:

"In order to face the challenge of disappointing returns on public investment in irrigation and drainage new solutions have emerged. These solutions are based on widely available technology and new management and governance options. The main message of Re-engaging in Agricultural Water Management is that the irrigation and drainage sector should not continue to be dealt with as a standalone sector, but should be integrated into a broader perspective, one that embraces the objectives of productivity growth, poverty reduction, natural resources management and environmental protection."

Integrated watershed management for land and water conservation and sustainable agricultural production in Asia

Integrated watershed management for land and water conservation and sustainable agricultural production in Asia
  • Author : Ramakrishna, A,Rego, T. J.
  • Publisher : Andhra Pradesh, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI) Manila, Philippines: Asian Development Bank (ADB)
  • Pages : 273
  • Relase : 2001-12-01
  • ISBN :

Integrated watershed management for land and water conservation and sustainable agricultural production in Asia Book Review:

Watershed management ; Catchment areas ; Water resource management ; Land management ; Natural resources ; Resource management ; Erosion ; Land use ; Soyabeans ; Soil degradation ; Rain-fed farming ; Food security ; Satellite surveys ; Remote sensing ; Rain ; Statistical analysis ; Runoff ; Soil management / Asia / South East Asia / India / Vietnam / Thailand

An Assessment of Integrated Watershed Management in Ethiopia

An Assessment of Integrated Watershed Management in Ethiopia
  • Author : Gebregziabher, Gebrehaweria,Abera, D. A.,Gebresamuel, G.,Giordano, Meredith,Langan, Simon
  • Publisher : International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
  • Pages : 32
  • Relase : 2016-12-29
  • ISBN : 9789290908449

An Assessment of Integrated Watershed Management in Ethiopia Book Review:

Sustainable participatory watershed management is an approach promoted by the Ethiopian government to restore natural resources and agricultural productivity across the country. This comparative study between six watershed programs shows that this approach increases farmers’ food security and incomes (around 50% on average), as well as their resilience to drought and other climate shocks. However, the study also confirms that the nature and scale of impact can vary significantly between watershed programs. The success of watershed management depends on multiple factors from the hydrological profile of the watershed to the local social and economic environment. Tailoring watershed interventions to the local context, associating conservation and livelihoods activities, and providing further financial and technical support to watershed committees are among the recommendations of this paper.

FUTURE SMART FOOD

FUTURE SMART FOOD
  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Pages : 241
  • Relase : 2018-10-09
  • ISBN : 9789251304952

FUTURE SMART FOOD Book Review:

This publication demonstrates the benefits of neglected and underutilized species, including amaranth, sorghum and cowpea, and their potential contribution to achieving Zero Hunger in South and Southeast Asia.

Text Book of Rainfed Agriculture and Watershed Management

Text Book of Rainfed Agriculture and Watershed Management
  • Author : P. L. Maliwal
  • Publisher : Scientific Publishers
  • Pages : 152
  • Relase : 2020-07-14
  • ISBN : 9789389832211

Text Book of Rainfed Agriculture and Watershed Management Book Review:

The book “Textbook of Rainfed Agriculture and Watershed Management” has been written to fulfill the requirement of undergraduate students of agriculture faculty considering the syllabus of V Dean’s committee of ICAR. This book attempt to present the available information on dryland/rainfed agriculture and watershed management in a very simple, and lucid language in easily understandable manner. The book contains chapters on an introduction to rainfed agriculture, soil and climate, drought, soil and water conservation techniques, water harvesting, crop management, contingent crop planning for aberrant weather conditions and watershed management. The student community may harness the benefit from this book by understanding the fundamentals of dryland/ rainfed agriculture and watershed management. I hope this book will be very useful for the students, teachers, extension specialists and others interested in rainfed agriculture.

The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 1

The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 1
  • Author : Partha Dasgupta,Karl-Göran Mäler
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Pages : 288
  • Relase : 1997-03-13
  • ISBN : 9780198287674

The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 1 Book Review:

This 2-volume set presents a set of authoritative studies of the role of environmental resources in the economic development process, written by leading scholars in a wide range of associated fields.

Integrated Water Resources Management, Institutions and Livelihoods under Stress

Integrated Water Resources Management, Institutions and Livelihoods under Stress
  • Author : Collin C. Mabiza
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Pages : 200
  • Relase : 2018-03-09
  • ISBN : 9780203767078

Integrated Water Resources Management, Institutions and Livelihoods under Stress Book Review:

The majority of people in Limpopo river basin depend on rainfed agriculture. Unfortunately the Limpopo is water scarce, and parts of the basin, such as Zimbabwe's Mzingwane catchment, are under stress in terms of agro-ecological and socio-politicoeconomic conditions. Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) has been adopted in the river basin i

Water Supply and Water Scarcity

Water Supply and Water Scarcity
  • Author : Vasileios A. Tzanakakis,Nikolaos V. Paranychianakis,Andreas N. Angelakis
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Pages : 290
  • Relase : 2020-11-04
  • ISBN : 9783039433063

Water Supply and Water Scarcity Book Review:

This Book includes selected papers that has been published in the Water journal Special Issue (SI) on Water Supply and Water Scarcity. Moreover, an overview of the SI is included. The papers selected for publication in the SI include review and research papers on water history, on water management issues under water scarcity regimes, on rainwater harvesting, on water quality and degradation, and on climatic variability impacts on water resources. Overall, the issue identify and highlight the main challenges in water sector, and particularly in management and protection of water resources and in use of alternative (non-conventional) water resources, especially in areas with demographic change and climate vulnerability in order to achieve sustainable and secure water supply. Furthermore, general guidelines and possible solutions for an improved and sophisticated water management system are proposed and discussed, such as the adoption of advanced technological solutions and practices that improve water-use efficiency and the use of alternative water resources, to address the growing environmental and health issues and to reduce the emerging conflicts among water users.

Smallholder System Innovations in Integrated Watershed Management (SSI)

Smallholder System Innovations in Integrated Watershed Management (SSI)
  • Author : Yogesh Bhatt,,Deborah Bossio,,Elin Enfors,Line Gordon,Victor Kongo,Job Rotich Kosgei,Hodson Makurira,Kenneth Masuki,Marloes Mul,Siza D. Tumbo
  • Publisher : IWMI
  • Pages : 67
  • Relase : 2006-09-04
  • ISBN : 9789290906346

Smallholder System Innovations in Integrated Watershed Management (SSI) Book Review:

Rapidly increasing population in the dynamic semi-arid agro-ecosystems in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) highlights the necessity to increase food production, while at the same time safe-guarding other ecological systems that support human development and well-being. In the past, increases in crop production to keep pace with population growth in this region were largely achieved through the expansion of cultivated area. Today, we must also consider ways of improving the productivity of already existing cropping systems. elopment-oriented research and describes the integrated research approach of the SSI program, its interconnected research projects - their scope and methodologies

Developing Participatory and Integrated Watershed Management

Developing Participatory and Integrated Watershed Management
  • Author : Patrizio Warren
  • Publisher : Daya Books
  • Pages : 174
  • Relase : 2001
  • ISBN : 8170352479

Developing Participatory and Integrated Watershed Management Book Review:

Contents Part I: Building A Support Programme Chapter 1: Designing And Starting-Up The Pucd Project; (A) Origins And History Of The Pucd Project, (B) Design Of The Pucd Project, (C) Starting Up The Interregional Project, (D) Establishing National Field Teams, (E) Preparing To Start The Participatory Process, Part Ii: Providing Support At Selected Sites, Chapter 2: Identifying Goals And Actions; (A) Initial Participatory Appraisal, (B) Participatory Planning Workshops, (C) Participatory Feasibility Analysis, (D) Making Implementation Agreements, Chapter 3: Activities And Outcomes; (A) Strengthening Grassroots Organizations, (B) Meeting Basic Needs, (C) Strengthening Communities Competence And Awareness In Natural Resource Management, Chapter 4: Participatory Monitoring Evaluation And Replanning; (A) Participatory Monitoring, (B) Participatory Evaluation, (C) Linking Participatory Evaluation And Replanning, Part Iii: Withdrawing Support, Chapter 5: Towards The Institutionalization Of Pucd Experience; (A) Withdrawing Support To The Local Iterative Community Based Participatory Cycle, (B) Local Human Resource Development, (C) Promoting Forums For Collaborative Watershed Management, (D) Assistance In Policy Making, Chapter 6: Participatory And Integrated Watershed Management Redefined; (A) Participation, (B) Integration, (C) Waterhsed Management.

Water and Sustainable Agriculture

Water and Sustainable Agriculture
  • Author : Iván Francisco García-Tejero,Víctor Hugo Durán-Zuazo,José Luis Muriel-Fernández,Carmen Rocío Rodríguez-Pleguezuelo
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Pages : 94
  • Relase : 2011-08-03
  • ISBN : 9400720912

Water and Sustainable Agriculture Book Review:

Irrigated agriculture, a vital component of general agriculture, supplies fruits, vegetables, and cereals consumed by humans and grains fed to animals. Consequently, agriculture is the largest user of fresh water globally, and irrigation practices in many parts of the world are biologically, economically, and socially unsustainable. Water management should balance the need for agricultural water and the need for a sustainable environment. Water-use efficiency is the prime challenge in worldwide farming practices where problems of water shortages are widespread. Currently, agriculture is undergoing significant changes in innovative irrigation, fertilizer technology, and agronomic expertise. These elements constitute a vital platform for sustainable agricultural success and for preventing environmental damage. This review presents several processes linked to environmental irrigation, balancing environmental protection with improved agricultural production.